Changes in stable isotopes, lignin-derived phenols, and fossil pigments in sediments of Lake Biwa, Japan: Implications for anthropogenic effects over the last 100 years

Fujio Hyodo, Narumi Tsugeki, Jun ichi Azuma, Jotaro Urabe, Masami Nakanishi, Eitaro Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured stable nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) isotope ratios, lignin-derived phenols, and fossil pigments in sediments of known ages to elucidate the historical changes in the ecosystem status of Lake Biwa, Japan, over the last 100 years. Stable N isotope ratios and algal pigments in the sediments increased rapidly from the early 1960s to the 1980s, and then remained relatively constant, indicating that eutrophication occurred in the early 1960s but ceased in the 1980s. Stable C isotope ratios of the sediment increased from the 1960s, but decreased after the 1980s to the present. This decrease in stable C isotope ratios after the 1980s could not be explained by annual changes in either terrestrial input or algal production. However, when the C isotope ratios were corrected for the Suess effect, the shift to more negative isotopic value in atmospheric CO2 by fossil fuel burning, the isotopic value showed a trend, which is consistent with the other biomarkers and the monitoring data. The trend was also mirrored by the relative abundance of lignin-derived phenols, a unique organic tracer of material that originated from terrestrial plants, which decreased in the early 1960s and recovered to some degree in the 1980s. We detected no notable difference in the composition of lignin phenols, suggesting that the terrestrial plant composition did not change markedly. However, we found that lignin accumulation rate increased around the 1980s. These results suggest that although eutrophication has stabilized since the 1980s, allochthonous organic matter input has changed in Lake Biwa over the past 25 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-147
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume403
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lignin
Phenols
Pigments
anthropogenic effect
Isotopes
lignin
Lakes
pigment
phenol
Sediments
stable isotope
isotope
fossil
lake
Eutrophication
sediment
eutrophication
Biomarkers
Chemical analysis
Fossil fuels

Keywords

  • Eutrophication
  • Fossil pigments
  • Lake Biwa
  • Land transformation
  • Lignin-derived phenol
  • Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes
  • Suess effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Changes in stable isotopes, lignin-derived phenols, and fossil pigments in sediments of Lake Biwa, Japan : Implications for anthropogenic effects over the last 100 years. / Hyodo, Fujio; Tsugeki, Narumi; Azuma, Jun ichi; Urabe, Jotaro; Nakanishi, Masami; Wada, Eitaro.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 403, No. 1-3, 15.09.2008, p. 139-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We measured stable nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) isotope ratios, lignin-derived phenols, and fossil pigments in sediments of known ages to elucidate the historical changes in the ecosystem status of Lake Biwa, Japan, over the last 100 years. Stable N isotope ratios and algal pigments in the sediments increased rapidly from the early 1960s to the 1980s, and then remained relatively constant, indicating that eutrophication occurred in the early 1960s but ceased in the 1980s. Stable C isotope ratios of the sediment increased from the 1960s, but decreased after the 1980s to the present. This decrease in stable C isotope ratios after the 1980s could not be explained by annual changes in either terrestrial input or algal production. However, when the C isotope ratios were corrected for the Suess effect, the shift to more negative isotopic value in atmospheric CO2 by fossil fuel burning, the isotopic value showed a trend, which is consistent with the other biomarkers and the monitoring data. The trend was also mirrored by the relative abundance of lignin-derived phenols, a unique organic tracer of material that originated from terrestrial plants, which decreased in the early 1960s and recovered to some degree in the 1980s. We detected no notable difference in the composition of lignin phenols, suggesting that the terrestrial plant composition did not change markedly. However, we found that lignin accumulation rate increased around the 1980s. These results suggest that although eutrophication has stabilized since the 1980s, allochthonous organic matter input has changed in Lake Biwa over the past 25 years.",
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