One of the major causes of glomerular sclerosis which precedes renal failure is an increase in glomerular extracellular matrices (ECMs). Glomerular ECMs which are composed of mesangial matrix and basement membrane play an important role in physical, mechanical and structural functions of the glomerulus. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are the enzymes which degrade both the collagenous and noncollagenous components of the ECMs. Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are inhibitors of MMPs. The regulations by MMPs and TIMPs are considered to contribute to maintain homeostasis in the production and degradation of ECMs in the glomeruli. In the glomeruli of patients with glomerulonephritis, the imbalance between production and degradation of ECMs is supposed to cause the increase in ECMs and glomerular sclerosis. In this study, serum concentrations of MMP-1, -2, and -3, TIMP-1 and 2 and type IV collagen were measured in patients with IgA nephropathy, lupus nephritis and membranous nephropathy. In patients with IgA nephropathy and lupus nephritis which are mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, the levels of MMP-3 and TIMP-2 were increased. On the other hand, the levels of type IV collagen, MMP-2 and TIMP-1 were increased in patients with membranous nephropathy in which the thickening of basement membrane is characteristic. These differences may be caused by the difference of the pathogenesis of these diseases. The present results suggest that the imbalance between the metabolism of ECMs occurs in patients with glomerulonephritis and contributes to the progression of glomerulonephritis.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Research Communications in Molecular Pathology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine