Changes in organelle superoxide dismutase isoenzymes during air adaptation of submerged rice seedlings: Differential behaviour of isoenzymes in plastids and mitochondria

Takashi Ushimaru, Kenichi Ogawa, Norihiro Ishida, Mineo Shibasaka, Sumio Kanematsu, Kozi Asada, Hideo Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Changes in activities and levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC 1.15.1.1) isoenzymes were studied during air adaptation of submerged rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings. Seeds were germinated for 6 d in the dark under water (submerged), and then for another day in air (air-adapted). For a control, seeds were germinated for 6 d throughout in air (aerobic). Staining for activity of SOD of shoot extracts showed a total of five major distinct forms of SOD: one mitochondrial Mn enzyme (mtSOD) and four CuZn enzymes, one of which was plastidic (plSOD) and the other three cytosolic (cytSOD). Activity of plSOD was much lower in submerged seedlings than in aerobic controls and increased after exposure to air. In contrast, mtSOD activity in submerged seedlings was as high as that found in aerobic controls, and did not increase upon exposure to air. One of the cytSODs showed responses similar to those of plSOD. The activities of another two cytSODs were slightly lower in submerged seedlings than those in aerobic controls, but decreased after 24 h of air adaptation. Western blot analysis revealed that these changes in activities of SODs are due to changes in the levels of their enzyme proteins. We also followed changes in the levels of cytochrome c and ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (EC 1.6.99.4) as indices of the development of mitochondria and plastids, respectively. Organelle SODs were always present at higher levels than would be expected in view of the development of the electron-transport systems of the corresponding organelles during submergence and the subsequent air-adaptation period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-613
Number of pages8
JournalPlanta: An International Journal of Plant Biology
Volume196
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1995

Keywords

  • Active oxygen
  • Isoenzyme
  • Mitochondrion
  • Oryza
  • Oxygen deficiency
  • Plastid
  • Superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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