Changes in lipid peroxide and antioxidant enzyme activities in corpora lutea during pseudopregnancy in rats

K. Shimamura, N. Sukino, Y. Yoshida, Y. Nakamura, K. Ogino, H. Kato

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47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the involvement of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes in the regulation of luteal function in pseudopregnant rats. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), a specific scavenger of superoxide radicals, and glutathione peroxidase, a scavenger of hydrogen peroxide, and lipid peroxide concentrations were measured in the corpus luteum on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 and 13 of pseudopregnancy. The activity of SOD in the corpus luteum gradually increased until day 9 of pseudopregnancy and decreased thereafter, in a similar manner to serum progesterone concentration. Glutathione peroxidase activity significantly increased from day 1 to day 3 and remained high until day 11 of pseudopregnancy. The concentrations of lipid peroxides in the corpus luteum increased from day 3 to day 13 of pseudopregnancy. The involvement of prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) in the production of lipid peroxides in regression of the corpus luteum was investigated by administering PGF(2α) (3 mg kg-1, s.c.) or saline on days 7, 9 and 12 of pseudopregnancy. Each group of rats was autopsied 2 h later, and SOD activity, glutathione peroxidase activity and the concentration of lipid peroxides in the corpus luteum were determined. PGF(2α) significantly increased lipid peroxide concentrations in the corpus luteum on days 7, 9 and 12 of pseudopregnancy (approximately twofold increases on days 7 and 9, and a fivefold increase on day 12, compared with the control that received saline). The activity of SOD in the corpus luteum was significantly increased by PGF(2α) on days 7 and 9, but not on day 12, of pseudopregnancy. PGF(2α) did not cause any significant changes in glutathione peroxidase activity in the corpus luteum on days 7, 9 and 12 of pseudopregnancy. It is concluded that lipid peroxides play an important role in regulating luteal function in pseudopregnant rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-257
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Fertility
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Embryology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Developmental Biology

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