Changes in excitation relaxation of diatoms in response to fluctuating light, probed by fluorescence spectroscopies

Miyuki Tanabe, Yoshifumi Ueno, Makio Yokono, Jian Ren Shen, Ryo Nagao, Seiji Akimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A marine pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Pt) and a marine centric diatom Chaetoceros gracilis (Cg) possess unique light-harvesting complexes, fucoxanthin chlorophyll a/c-binding proteins (FCPs). FCPs have dual functions: light harvesting in the blue to green regions and quenching of excess energy. So far, excitation dynamics including FCPs have been studied by altering continuous light conditions. In the present study, we examined responses of the diatom cells to fluctuating light (FL) conditions. Excitation dynamics in the cells incubated under the FL conditions were analyzed by time-resolved fluorescence measurements followed by global analysis. As responses common to the Pt and Cg cells, quenching behaviors were observed in photosystem (PS) II with time constants of hundreds of picoseconds. The PSII → PSI energy transfer was modified only in the Pt cells, whereas quenching in FCPs was suggested only in the Cg cells, indicating different strategy for the dissipation of excess energy under the FL conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhotosynthesis research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

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Keywords

  • Diatom
  • Energy transfer
  • Fluctuating light
  • Light harvesting
  • Photosystem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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