Cecum microbiota in rats fed soy, milk, meat, fish, and egg proteins with prebiotic oligosaccharides

Souliphone Sivixay, Gaowa Bai, Takeshi Tsuruta, Naoki Nishino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diet is considered the most influential factor in modulating the gut microbiota but how dietary protein sources differ in their modulatory effects is not well understood. In this study, soy, meat (mixture of beef and pork), and fish proteins (experiment 1) and soy, milk (casein), and egg proteins (experiment 2) were fed to rats with cellulose (CEL) and raffinose (RAF); the microbiota composition and short-chain fatty acid concentration in the cecum were determined. Egg protein feeding decreased the concentration of acetic acid and the richness and diversity of the cecum microbiota. RAF feeding increased the concentrations of acetic and propionic acids and decreased the richness and diversity of the cecum microbiota. When fed with CEL, the abundance of Ruminococcaceae and Christensenellaceae, Akkermansiaceae and Tannerellaceae, and Erysipelotrichaceae enhanced with soy protein, meat and fish proteins, and egg protein, respectively. The effects of dietary proteins diminished with RAF feeding and the abundance of Bifidobacteriaceae, Erysipelotrichaceae, and Lachnospiraceae increased and that of Ruminococcaceae and Christensenellaceae decreased regardless of the protein source. These results indicate that, although the effect of prebiotics is more robust and distinctive, dietary protein sources may influence the composition and metabolic activities of the gut microbiota. The stimulatory effects of soy, meat, and egg proteins on Christensenellaceae, Akkermansiaceae, and Erysipelotrichaceae deserve further examination to better elucidate the dietary manipulation of the gut microbiota.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAIMS Microbiology
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Diet, gut
  • Microbiota
  • Prebiotics
  • Protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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