Cdc42 and Rac small G proteins activated by trans-interactions of nectins are involved in activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase, but not in association of nectins and cadherin to form adherens junctions, in fibroblasts

Tomoyuki Honda, Kazuya Shimizu, Tomomi Kawakatsu, Atsunori Fukuhara, Kenji Irie, Takeshi Nakamura, Michiyuki Matsuda, Yoshimi Takai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Nectins are Ca2+-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules which associate with cadherins to form adherens junctions (AJs) in epithelial cells and fibroblasts. Nectin-1 and -3 are members of the nectin family which most strongly trans-interact, causing cell-cell adhesion. The trans-interaction between nectin-1 and -3 induces the activation of both Cdc42 and Rac small G proteins in epithelial cells. We studied the roles of Cdc42 and Rac activated in this way in L fibroblasts stably expressing both nectin-1 and E-cadherin (nectin-1-EL cells). Results: The trans-interaction between nectin-1 and -3 induced the activation of Cdc42 and Rac in nectin-1-EL cells. Cdc42, and presumably Rac, activated in this way, induced the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), but not p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase or extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Cdc42 or Rac was not essential for the association of nectin-1 and E-cadherin to form AJs. Reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton was not required for the association of nectin-1 and E-cadherin. Conclusion: These results indicate that Cdc42 and Rac activated by the trans-interaction of nectins selectively induce the activation of JNK, but are not essential for the association of nectins and cadherin to form AJs in fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-491
Number of pages11
JournalGenes to Cells
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cdc42 and Rac small G proteins activated by trans-interactions of nectins are involved in activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase, but not in association of nectins and cadherin to form adherens junctions, in fibroblasts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this