Follicular lymphoma (FL) shows co-expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) and CD10, whereas downexpression of CD10 is occasionally experienced in gastrointestinal (GI) FL with unknown significance. Gastrointestinal FL is a rare variant of FL, and its similarity with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma was reported. We investigated the clinicopathological and genetic features of CD10 downexpressed (CD10down) GI-FL. The diagnosis of CD10down FL was carried out with a combination of pathological and molecular analyses. The incidence of CD10down GI-FL was shown in 35/172 (20.3%) cases, which was more frequent than nodal FL (3.5%, P < 0.001). The difference was additionally significant between GI-FL and nodal FL when the analysis was confined to primary GI-FL (55.2% vs 3.5%, P < 0.001). Compared to CD10+ GI-FL, CD10down GI-FL significantly involved the stomach or large intestine (P = 0.015), and additionally showed the downexpression of BCL6 (P < 0.001). The follicular dendritic cell meshwork often showed a duodenal pattern in the CD10down group (P = 0.12). Furthermore, a lymphoepithelial lesion was observed in 5/12 (40%) gastric FL cases, which indicated caution in the differentiation of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Molecular analyses were undertaken in seven cases of CD10down GI-FL, and an identical clone was found between CD10down follicles and CD10+BCL2+ neoplastic follicles. In the diagnosis of cases with CD10down BCL2+ follicles, careful examination with molecular studies should be carried out.
- follicular lymphoma
- gastrointestinal tract
- involvement of stomach and large intestine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research