An infection-inhibiting factor (IIF) was isolated from strawberry leaves and identified as (+)-catechin. This compound inhibited the formation of infection hyphae from appressoria of Alternaria alternata, but allowed both spore germination and appressorial formation. It is a normal component of strawberry leaves, but further accumulates as the major IIF in response to inoculation with nonpathogenic spores of A. alternata. The accumulation of (+)-catechin on a susceptible host was not induced, however, by inoculation with pathogenic spores of the strawberry pathotype or by inoculation with nonpathogenic spores supplemented with host-specific toxin (AF-toxin I). These results imply that (+)-catechin acts as a protective agent during induced resistance and that AF-toxin I acts as a fungal suppressor of induced resistance.
- Alternaria black spot of strawberry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science