Catalytic activity of lime for N2O decomposition under coal combustion conditions

Eiji Sasaoka, Norimasa Sada, Ken Ichi Hara, Azhar Uddin, Yusaku Sakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To understand the contribution of lime to the abatement of N2O emission from fluidized coal combustor, the catalytic activity of the lime for the decomposition of N2O under coal combustion conditions was studied. Lime was active for the catalytic decomposition of N2O, and its activity was stable in the simulated coal combustion flue gas in the absence of SO2 at 800 °C. The catalytic activity of lime was depressed by the presence of CO2, H2O, and SO2. The affect of the presence of SO2 seemed to be most important: the catalytic activity of the lime gradually decreased as the degree of sulfation increased, and the specific surface area decreased with the progression of sulfation. From N2O pretreatment and temperature-programmed desorption studies on the used lime, it was found that two oxygen species and one species of NO desorbed. A surface character change due to sulfation is expected from these gas desorptions. From the relation of the activity to the surface area or the desorption of the gases or both, it was concluded that a decrease in the surface area contributed to the decay of the activity more effectively than the surface character change caused by the sulfation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1335-1340
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume38
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Coal combustion
Lime
lime
Catalyst activity
decomposition
Decomposition
desorption
surface area
Desorption
Gases
Coal
Temperature programmed desorption
Combustors
Flue gases
gas
Specific surface area
coal combustion
coal
Oxygen
oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Catalytic activity of lime for N2O decomposition under coal combustion conditions. / Sasaoka, Eiji; Sada, Norimasa; Hara, Ken Ichi; Uddin, Azhar; Sakata, Yusaku.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 38, No. 4, 1999, p. 1335-1340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sasaoka, Eiji ; Sada, Norimasa ; Hara, Ken Ichi ; Uddin, Azhar ; Sakata, Yusaku. / Catalytic activity of lime for N2O decomposition under coal combustion conditions. In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 1999 ; Vol. 38, No. 4. pp. 1335-1340.
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AB - To understand the contribution of lime to the abatement of N2O emission from fluidized coal combustor, the catalytic activity of the lime for the decomposition of N2O under coal combustion conditions was studied. Lime was active for the catalytic decomposition of N2O, and its activity was stable in the simulated coal combustion flue gas in the absence of SO2 at 800 °C. The catalytic activity of lime was depressed by the presence of CO2, H2O, and SO2. The affect of the presence of SO2 seemed to be most important: the catalytic activity of the lime gradually decreased as the degree of sulfation increased, and the specific surface area decreased with the progression of sulfation. From N2O pretreatment and temperature-programmed desorption studies on the used lime, it was found that two oxygen species and one species of NO desorbed. A surface character change due to sulfation is expected from these gas desorptions. From the relation of the activity to the surface area or the desorption of the gases or both, it was concluded that a decrease in the surface area contributed to the decay of the activity more effectively than the surface character change caused by the sulfation.

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