Endogenous phosphorylation of the crude membrane fraction of cultured 3Y1 fibroblast cells was enhanced by the addition of Ca2+/calmodulin. Both Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase activity and its substrate were present in a cytoskeletal fraction, obtained as a pellet after washing of the membrane fraction with 2 mM EGTA, 0.6 M NaCl, and 1% Triton X-100. The phosphorylatable protein in the Triton X-insoluble fraction was identified by immunoblotting as vimentin. This endogenous phosphorylation induced by calmodulin was inhibited by the addition of KN-62, a specific Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II inhibitor, in a dose-dependent manner. However, phosphorylation of the 59 kDa protein (vimentin) in this fraction was not stimulated by adding both phosphatidyl serine and cAMP, thereby suggesting the absence of protein kinase C or of c AMP-dependent protein kinase in this fraction. The protein kinase associated with the Triton X-insoluble fraction phosphorylated the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II-specific site of synapsin I from the bovine cortex. Two-dimensional phosphopeptide maps of vimentin indicated that a major phosphopeptide phosphorylated by the endogenous calmodulin-dependent kinase also appears to be the same as a major phosphopeptide phosphorylated by the exogenous Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. Our results suggest that cytoskeleton-associated Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II regulates dynamic cellular functions through the phosphorylation of cytoskeletal elements in non-heural cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology