Carrier-concentration dependence of the pseudogap ground state of superconducting Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6+δ revealed by Cu63,65-nuclear magnetic resonance in very high magnetic fields

Shinji Kawasaki, Chengtian Lin, Philip L. Kuhns, Arneil P. Reyes, Guo-Qing Zheng

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Abstract

We report the results of the Knight shift by Cu63,65-NMR measurements on single-layered copper-oxide Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6+δ conducted under very high magnetic fields up to 44 T. The magnetic field suppresses superconductivity completely, and the pseudogap ground state is revealed. The Cu63-NMR Knight shift shows that there remains a finite density of states at the Fermi level in the zero-temperature limit, which indicates that the pseudogap ground state is a metallic state with a finite volume of Fermi surface. The residual density of states in the pseudogap ground state decreases with decreasing doping (increasing x) but remains quite large even at the vicinity of the magnetically ordered phase of x0.8, which suggests that the density of states plunges to zero upon approaching the Mott insulating phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137002
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume105
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 24 2010

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nuclear magnetic resonance
ground state
magnetic fields
copper oxides
Fermi surfaces
superconductivity
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Carrier-concentration dependence of the pseudogap ground state of superconducting Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6+δ revealed by Cu63,65-nuclear magnetic resonance in very high magnetic fields",
abstract = "We report the results of the Knight shift by Cu63,65-NMR measurements on single-layered copper-oxide Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6+δ conducted under very high magnetic fields up to 44 T. The magnetic field suppresses superconductivity completely, and the pseudogap ground state is revealed. The Cu63-NMR Knight shift shows that there remains a finite density of states at the Fermi level in the zero-temperature limit, which indicates that the pseudogap ground state is a metallic state with a finite volume of Fermi surface. The residual density of states in the pseudogap ground state decreases with decreasing doping (increasing x) but remains quite large even at the vicinity of the magnetically ordered phase of x0.8, which suggests that the density of states plunges to zero upon approaching the Mott insulating phase.",
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T1 - Carrier-concentration dependence of the pseudogap ground state of superconducting Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6+δ revealed by Cu63,65-nuclear magnetic resonance in very high magnetic fields

AU - Kawasaki, Shinji

AU - Lin, Chengtian

AU - Kuhns, Philip L.

AU - Reyes, Arneil P.

AU - Zheng, Guo-Qing

PY - 2010/9/24

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AB - We report the results of the Knight shift by Cu63,65-NMR measurements on single-layered copper-oxide Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6+δ conducted under very high magnetic fields up to 44 T. The magnetic field suppresses superconductivity completely, and the pseudogap ground state is revealed. The Cu63-NMR Knight shift shows that there remains a finite density of states at the Fermi level in the zero-temperature limit, which indicates that the pseudogap ground state is a metallic state with a finite volume of Fermi surface. The residual density of states in the pseudogap ground state decreases with decreasing doping (increasing x) but remains quite large even at the vicinity of the magnetically ordered phase of x0.8, which suggests that the density of states plunges to zero upon approaching the Mott insulating phase.

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