Capsaicinoid biosynthesis in the pericarp of chili pepper fruits is associated with a placental septum-like transcriptome profile and tissue structure

Yoshiyuki Tanaka, Mayuko Watachi, Wakana Nemoto, Tanjuro Goto, Yuichi Yoshida, Ken ichiro Yasuba, Sho Ohno, Motoaki Doi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Key message: CAP biosynthesis in the pericarp of chili pepper fruits occurs with an ambiguous boundary in the placental septum and pericarp. Abstract: Capsaicinoid (CAP) is a pungent ingredient of chili pepper fruits. Generally, CAP biosynthesis is limited to the placental septum of fruits, but it has been reported that its biosynthesis occurs even in the pericarp of some extremely pungent varieties, resulting in a substantial increase in total content. To examine the mechanism of CAP biosynthesis in the pericarp, comparative transcriptome analysis of a variety that produces CAP in the pericarp (MY) and a variety that does not (HB) was carried out. RNA-seq revealed that 2264 genes were differentially expressed in the MY pericarp compared with the HB pericarp. PCA analysis and GO enrichment analysis indicated that the MY pericarp has a gene expression profile more like placental septum than the HB pericarp. The gene expression of CAP biosynthesis-related genes in the MY pericarp changed coordinately with the placental septum during fruit development. In most Capsicum accessions including HB, the distribution of slender epidermal cells producing CAP was limited to the placental septum, and the morphological boundary between the placental septum and pericarp was clear. In some extremely pungent varieties such as MY, slender epidermal cells ranged from the placental septum to the pericarp region, and the pericarp was morphologically similar to the placental septum, such as the absence of large sub-epidermal cells and abundant spaces in the parenchymal tissue. Our data suggest that CAP biosynthesis in the pericarp occurred with an ambiguous boundary in the placental septum and pericarp. These findings contribute to further enhancement of CAP production in chili pepper fruits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1859-1874
Number of pages16
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Volume40
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Capsaicinoid
  • Chili pepper
  • Fruit anatomy
  • Pungency
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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