Cancer cells mimic in vivo spatial-temporal cell-cycle phase distribution and chemosensitivity in 3-dimensional gelfoam histoculture but not 2-dimensional culture as visualized with real-time fucci imaging

Shuya Yano, Shinji Miwa, Sumiyuki Miiab, Yukihiko Hiroshima, Fuminaru Uehara, Hiroyuki Kishimoto, Hirosh Tazawa, Ming Zhao, Michael Bouvet, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Robert M. Hoffman

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phase of the cell cycle can determine whether a cancer cell can respond to a given drug. We previously reported monitoring of real-time cell cycle dynamics of cancer cells throughout a live tumor, intravitally in live mice, using a fluorescence ubiquitination-based cell-cycle indicator (FUCCI). Approximately 90% of cancer cells in the center and 80% of total cells of an established tumor are in G0/G1 phase. Longitudinal real-time imaging demonstrated that cytotoxic agents killed only proliferating cancer cells at the surface and, in contrast, had little effect on quiescent cancer cells, which are the vast majority of an established tumor. Moreover, resistant quiescent cancer cells restarted cycling after cessation of chemotherapy. These results suggested why most drugs currently in clinical use, which target cancer cells in S/G2/M, are mostly ineffective on solid tumors. In the present report, we used FUCCI imaging and Gelfoam collagensponge- gel histoculture, to demonstrate in real time, that the cell-cycle phase distribution of cancer cells in Gelfoam_ and in vivo tumors is highly similar, whereby only the surface cells proliferate and interior cells are quiescent in G0/G1. This is in contrast to 2D culture where most cancer cells cycle. Similarly, the cancer cells responded similarly to toxic chemotherapy in Gelfoam_ culture as in vivo, and very differently than cancer cells in 2D culture which were much more chemosensitive. Gelfoam_ culture of FUCCI-expressing cancer cells offers the opportunity to image the cell cycle of cancer cells continuously and to screen for novel effective therapies to target quiescent cells, which are the majority in a tumor and which would have a strong probability to be effective in vivo

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-819
Number of pages12
JournalCell Cycle
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2015

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Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Chemotherapy
  • Fucci
  • Gelfoam
  • Gfp
  • Imaging
  • Rfp
  • Stomach cancer
  • Three dimensionaLhistoculture culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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