Cancer-associated immune-mediated syndromes: Pathogenic values and clinical implementation

S. V. Suchkov, D. D. Petrunin, A. V. Kostalevskaya, I. A. Kachkov, T. Elbeik, E. Matsuura, M. A. Paltsev

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability of tumors to provoke formation of cancer-associated secondary immunodeficiency (CASID) with predominant suppression of CMI and cancer-associated secondary immunodeficiency with clinical autoimmunity syndrome (CASICAS) with triggering of a set of the autoimmune deviations is appearing to be a key event in the restriction of hosts' anti-tumor immunity. Earlier the existence of the above-mentioned syndromes was demonstrated in BCC and GBM patients. In order to reach a point where immunological phenotypes in GBM and BCC can be clarified clinically and, partly, pathogenically, we have conducted a series of studies of typical and atypical types of immune responsiveness in patients with GBM and BCC. For GBM and BCC three scenarios of the involvement of the immune responsiveness have been established in a series of our studies, i.e., (i) malignancy with no immunopathology, (ii) malignancy as CASID, and (iii) malignancy as CASICAS. All of those scenarios demonstrated significant differences in their immune-mediated manifestations which, in turn, were proven to reveal close associative relationships with a specific clinicopathologic type and clinical manifestations of the tumor. CASID and CASICAS share two common features, i.e., (i) signs of immunodeficiency and (ii) a tandem of the deviations within the adaptive and innate links of the host immune responsiveness. At the same time, CASID and CASICAS are distinct pathogenically and clinically, and in terms of depth of the immune deviations observed, CASID patients manifest a breakage in both links, whereas in CASICAS patients, a breakage in the adaptive link would dominate. To get these differences clarified, we summarized major types of the immune imbalances and sets of clinical and clinicopathologic manifestations to illustrate the above-mentioned features in CASID and CASICAS patients. There are distinct close correlations between clinicopathologic features of the disease course and sets of the immune-mediated imbalances in patients harboring the tumors. The latter implicates a panel of the new immunodiagnostic and immunoprognostic criteria for patients with solid tumors, i.e., BCC, MCC and GB, which is of great value for clinical practice. In particular, the blood levels of some of the immunocompetent cells, state of their functional activity, serum titers of the antigenic markers and autoantibodies, apoptotic parameters, and others may be accepted as additional and clinically informative criteria to be implemented for immunological monitoring and immunotherapy of patients with solid tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-337
Number of pages15
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007

Keywords

  • Adaptive immunity
  • Anti-tumor immunity
  • Apoptosis
  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • Cancer-associated immune-mediated syndrome
  • Cancer-associated secondary immunodeficiency (CASID)
  • Cancer-associated secondary immunodeficiency with clinical autoimmunity syndrome (CASICAS)
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Dendritic cells
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Innate immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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  • Cite this

    Suchkov, S. V., Petrunin, D. D., Kostalevskaya, A. V., Kachkov, I. A., Elbeik, T., Matsuura, E., & Paltsev, M. A. (2007). Cancer-associated immune-mediated syndromes: Pathogenic values and clinical implementation. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, 61(6), 323-337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2007.06.007