Campylobacter rectus in the Oral Cavity Correlates with Proteinuria in Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy Patients

Taro Misaki, Shuhei Naka, Kaoruko Wato, Rina Hatakeyama, Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Seigo Ito, Hiroaki Inaba, Ryota Nomura, Michiyo Matsumoto-Nakano, Kazuhiko Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Periodontitis-related pathogens, such as Campylobacter or Treponema species, have recently been shown to be associated with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). Some strains of Streptococcus mutans, a major pathogen of dental caries, harbour the cnm gene that encodes a collagen-binding protein (Cnm). This has also been demonstrated to be associated with urinary protein levels in IgAN patients. Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to analyse the association of IgAN with C. rectus, Treponema denticola and cnm-positive S. mutans in the oral cavity of humans. Methods: The presence of C. rectus, T. denticola and cnm-positive S. mutans strains in saliva samples of 117 IgAN patients and 56 healthy controls was evaluated by PCR, and the subjects' clinical parameters were analysed. Results: C. rectus was significantly more prevalent in the IgAN group than in the control group (p < 0.05). The C. rectus-positive group was significantly associated with proteinuria in the IgAN group (p < 0.05). In addition, the C. rectus-positive and cnm-positive S. mutans group was shown to be more closely associated with urinary protein levels than the other groups (p < 0.0083). Conclusion: Our results suggest that harbouring C. rectus in the oral cavity could be associated with proteinuria in IgAN patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-149
Number of pages7
JournalNephron
Volume139
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Campylobacter rectus
  • Cnm
  • Immunoglobulin A nephropathy
  • Streptococcus mutans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Urology

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