Calculation of environmental concentration and comparison of output for existing chemicals using regional multimedia modeling

Katsuya Kawamoto, Kyong A. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The environmental fate of 40 existing chemicals is discussed using the EUSES multimedia distribution and risk assessment model with site-specific parameter setting in an urban area of Japan including a highly industrial region. There has been a strong need to assess the environmental fate of a huge number of existing chemicals. Data on the emission amounts of chemicals are essential for such prediction, and PRTR surveys may yield this data. The study delivered the following results: (1) Volatile compounds with large amounts of emission showed higher predicted concentrations in air, and the concentrations of several compounds agreed well with averaged monitoring data within an order of magnitude. (2) A close relationship was found between the concentration of water and that of sediment, suggesting that the fate of chemicals in sediment essentially depended on the water environment. (3) A group of volatile solvents had high mass distribution ratio to air. Some compounds having high solubility in water were also included in that group due to the high ratio of air emission. Highly hydrophobic compounds with log KOW larger than 6.0 showed a high distribution ratio to soil and sediment. (4) Volatile compounds were mostly taken through air. The exposure through fish is a dominant pathway for highly hydrophobic compounds. (5) Exposure ratio could be gathered from physicochemical properties. The exposure from fish intake was roughly estimated by log KOW, whereas exposure from air and water intake was difficult to estimate simply by vapor pressure and solubility in water, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1154-1164
Number of pages11
JournalChemosphere
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Existing chemicals
  • Exposure
  • Multimedia model
  • PRTR
  • Prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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