Calcium requirement for the inhibition by theophylline of histamine release from mast cells

Kiyomi Saeki, Shigeki Ikeda, Masahiro Nishibori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When added to Ca2+-free Hanks' solution, Ca2+ (0.1-2.5 mM) had no significant effect on antigen-induced histamine release from rat mast cells, but Sr2+ (1.0-3.0 mM) dose-dependently increased the release. Ba2+ (1.0 and 2.0 mM) also enhanced the release. Ca2+ and Ba2+ inhibited compound 40/80-induced histamine release, in a dose-dependent manner. In ordinary Hanks' medium, theophylline and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) dose-dependently inhibited the antigen-induced histamine release but these drugs were ineffective in Ca2+-free medium. Theophylline (1.0 mM) also inhibited compound 48/80-induced histamine release in the presence but not absence of Ca2+. There was an optimal Ca2+ concentration for the theophylline effect. Sr2+ but not Ba2+ could substitute for Ca2+ in supporting the theophylline effect. Theophylline (1.0 mM) and IBMX (1.0 mM) increased mast cell cyclic AMP levels both in the presence and absence of Ca2+. These results suggest that Ca2+ is required in the interaction of theophylline and specific sites on mast cells or in the mast cell response to theophylline which probably does not involve the cyclic AMP increase and is linked to the inhibition of histamine release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2973-2980
Number of pages8
JournalLife Sciences
Volume32
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 27 1983

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Histamine Release
Theophylline
Mast Cells
Histamine
Calcium
1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine
Cyclic AMP
Histamine Agents
p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine
Antigens
Rats
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Calcium requirement for the inhibition by theophylline of histamine release from mast cells. / Saeki, Kiyomi; Ikeda, Shigeki; Nishibori, Masahiro.

In: Life Sciences, Vol. 32, No. 26, 27.06.1983, p. 2973-2980.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "When added to Ca2+-free Hanks' solution, Ca2+ (0.1-2.5 mM) had no significant effect on antigen-induced histamine release from rat mast cells, but Sr2+ (1.0-3.0 mM) dose-dependently increased the release. Ba2+ (1.0 and 2.0 mM) also enhanced the release. Ca2+ and Ba2+ inhibited compound 40/80-induced histamine release, in a dose-dependent manner. In ordinary Hanks' medium, theophylline and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) dose-dependently inhibited the antigen-induced histamine release but these drugs were ineffective in Ca2+-free medium. Theophylline (1.0 mM) also inhibited compound 48/80-induced histamine release in the presence but not absence of Ca2+. There was an optimal Ca2+ concentration for the theophylline effect. Sr2+ but not Ba2+ could substitute for Ca2+ in supporting the theophylline effect. Theophylline (1.0 mM) and IBMX (1.0 mM) increased mast cell cyclic AMP levels both in the presence and absence of Ca2+. These results suggest that Ca2+ is required in the interaction of theophylline and specific sites on mast cells or in the mast cell response to theophylline which probably does not involve the cyclic AMP increase and is linked to the inhibition of histamine release.",
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AB - When added to Ca2+-free Hanks' solution, Ca2+ (0.1-2.5 mM) had no significant effect on antigen-induced histamine release from rat mast cells, but Sr2+ (1.0-3.0 mM) dose-dependently increased the release. Ba2+ (1.0 and 2.0 mM) also enhanced the release. Ca2+ and Ba2+ inhibited compound 40/80-induced histamine release, in a dose-dependent manner. In ordinary Hanks' medium, theophylline and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) dose-dependently inhibited the antigen-induced histamine release but these drugs were ineffective in Ca2+-free medium. Theophylline (1.0 mM) also inhibited compound 48/80-induced histamine release in the presence but not absence of Ca2+. There was an optimal Ca2+ concentration for the theophylline effect. Sr2+ but not Ba2+ could substitute for Ca2+ in supporting the theophylline effect. Theophylline (1.0 mM) and IBMX (1.0 mM) increased mast cell cyclic AMP levels both in the presence and absence of Ca2+. These results suggest that Ca2+ is required in the interaction of theophylline and specific sites on mast cells or in the mast cell response to theophylline which probably does not involve the cyclic AMP increase and is linked to the inhibition of histamine release.

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