When added to Ca2+-free Hanks' solution, Ca2+ (0.1-2.5 mM) had no significant effect on antigen-induced histamine release from rat mast cells, but Sr2+ (1.0-3.0 mM) dose-dependently increased the release. Ba2+ (1.0 and 2.0 mM) also enhanced the release. Ca2+ and Ba2+ inhibited compound 40/80-induced histamine release, in a dose-dependent manner. In ordinary Hanks' medium, theophylline and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) dose-dependently inhibited the antigen-induced histamine release but these drugs were ineffective in Ca2+-free medium. Theophylline (1.0 mM) also inhibited compound 48/80-induced histamine release in the presence but not absence of Ca2+. There was an optimal Ca2+ concentration for the theophylline effect. Sr2+ but not Ba2+ could substitute for Ca2+ in supporting the theophylline effect. Theophylline (1.0 mM) and IBMX (1.0 mM) increased mast cell cyclic AMP levels both in the presence and absence of Ca2+. These results suggest that Ca2+ is required in the interaction of theophylline and specific sites on mast cells or in the mast cell response to theophylline which probably does not involve the cyclic AMP increase and is linked to the inhibition of histamine release.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)