Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of significant LCx-ostium compromise after distal unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) stenting on the basis of baseline intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Background: Provisional single-stenting is considered as the default strategy for non-true bifurcation lesions in ULMCA. However, in certain cases, left circumflex artery (LCx)-ostium stenting is necessary. Methods: A total of 77 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents for non-true bifurcation lesions in ULMCA and had IVUS evaluation. Pre-procedural IVUS was performed to measure cross-sectional areas at the following segments: left main trunk, left anterior descending artery (LAD)-ostium. Post-stenting-narrowing at the circumflex ostium (PSN-LCx) was defined as the presence of more than 50% diameter stenosis at the LCx-ostium as determined by quantitative coronary angiography analysis. Results: PSN-LCx occurred in 27 (35%) patients. The presence of calcified plaque at the culprit lesion as identified by IVUS was more frequently observed in the PSN-LCx group as compared to the non-PSN-LCx group (81.5% vs. 22.0%, p. <. 0.001). Calcium arc in the PSN-LCx group was significantly greater than that in the non-PSN-LCx group (118.1°. ±. 69.9° vs. 36.9°. ±. 63.0°, p. <. 0.001). On multivariable analysis, a calcium arc. >. 60° was an independent predictor of PSN-LCx (odds ratio: 5.12, 95% confidence interval: 1.21-25.01, p. = 0.03). Conclusions: The presence of calcified plaque at the culprit lesion appears to be one of the factors involved in LCx-ostial compromise in non-true bifurcation ULMCA lesions, especially when the calcium arc is >. 60°.
- Intravascular ultrasound
- Left main coronary artery stenosis
- Plaque morphology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine