Calcification analysis by intravascular ultrasound to define a predictor of left circumflex narrowing after cross-over stenting for unprotected left main bifurcation lesions

Kastsumasa Sato, Toru Naganuma, Charis Costopoulos, Hideo Takebayashi, Kenji Goto, Tadashi Miyazaki, Hiroki Yamane, Arata Hagikura, Yuetsu Kikuta, Masahito Taniguchi, Shigeki Hiramatsu, Azeem Latib, Hiroshi Ito, Seiichi Haruta, Antonio Colombo

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of significant LCx-ostium compromise after distal unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) stenting on the basis of baseline intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Background: Provisional single-stenting is considered as the default strategy for non-true bifurcation lesions in ULMCA. However, in certain cases, left circumflex artery (LCx)-ostium stenting is necessary. Methods: A total of 77 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents for non-true bifurcation lesions in ULMCA and had IVUS evaluation. Pre-procedural IVUS was performed to measure cross-sectional areas at the following segments: left main trunk, left anterior descending artery (LAD)-ostium. Post-stenting-narrowing at the circumflex ostium (PSN-LCx) was defined as the presence of more than 50% diameter stenosis at the LCx-ostium as determined by quantitative coronary angiography analysis. Results: PSN-LCx occurred in 27 (35%) patients. The presence of calcified plaque at the culprit lesion as identified by IVUS was more frequently observed in the PSN-LCx group as compared to the non-PSN-LCx group (81.5% vs. 22.0%, p. <. 0.001). Calcium arc in the PSN-LCx group was significantly greater than that in the non-PSN-LCx group (118.1°. ±. 69.9° vs. 36.9°. ±. 63.0°, p. <. 0.001). On multivariable analysis, a calcium arc. >. 60° was an independent predictor of PSN-LCx (odds ratio: 5.12, 95% confidence interval: 1.21-25.01, p. = 0.03). Conclusions: The presence of calcified plaque at the culprit lesion appears to be one of the factors involved in LCx-ostial compromise in non-true bifurcation ULMCA lesions, especially when the calcium arc is >. 60°.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-85
Number of pages6
JournalCardiovascular Revascularization Medicine
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Bifurcation
  • Intravascular ultrasound
  • Left main coronary artery stenosis
  • Plaque morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Sato, K., Naganuma, T., Costopoulos, C., Takebayashi, H., Goto, K., Miyazaki, T., Yamane, H., Hagikura, A., Kikuta, Y., Taniguchi, M., Hiramatsu, S., Latib, A., Ito, H., Haruta, S., & Colombo, A. (2014). Calcification analysis by intravascular ultrasound to define a predictor of left circumflex narrowing after cross-over stenting for unprotected left main bifurcation lesions. Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine, 15(2), 80-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2014.01.014