C-Ski overexpression promotes tumor growth and angiogenesis through inhibition of transforming growth factor-β signaling in diffuse-type gastric carcinoma

Kunihiko Kiyono, Hiroshi I. Suzuki, Yasuyuki Morishita, Akiyoshi Komuro, Caname Iwata, Masakazu Yashiro, Kosei Hirakawa, Mitsunobu R. Kano, Kohei Miyazono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

c-Ski, originally identified as a proto-oncogene product, is an important negative regulator of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family signaling through interaction with Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4. High expression of c-Ski has been found in some cancers, including gastric cancer. We previously showed that disruption of TGF-β signaling by dominant-negative TGF-β type II receptor in a diffuse-type gastric carcinoma model accelerated tumor growth through induction of tumor angiogenesis by decreased expression of the anti-angiogenic factor thrombospondin (TSP)-1. Here, we examined the function of c-Ski in human diffuse-type gastric carcinoma OCUM-2MLN cells. Overexpression of c-Ski inhibited TGF-β signaling in OCUM-2MLN cells. Interestingly, c-Ski overexpression resulted in extensive acceleration of the growth of subcutaneous xenografts in BALB/c nu/nu female mice (6 weeks of age). Similar to tumors expressing dominant-negative TGF-β type II receptor, histochemical studies revealed less fibrosis and increased angiogenesis in xenografted tumors expressing c-Ski compared to control tumors. Induction of TSP-1 mRNA by TGF-β was attenuated by c-Ski in vitro, and expression of TSP-1 mRNA was decreased in tumors expressing c-Ski in vivo. These findings suggest that c-Ski overexpression promotes the growth of diffuse-type gastric carcinoma through induction of angiogenesis. (Cancer Sci 2009; 100: 1809-1816).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1809-1816
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Science
Volume100
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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