C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-mediated phosphorylation of SARM1 regulates NAD cleavage activity to inhibit mitochondrial respiration

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Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction is a key pathological feature of many different types of neurodegenerative disease. Sterile alpha and Toll/interleukin receptor motif-containing protein 1 (SARM1) has been attracting much attention as an important molecule for inducing axonal degeneration and neuronal cell death by causing loss of NAD (NADH). However, it has remained unclear what exactly regulates the SARM1 activity. Here, we report that NAD cleavage activity of SARM1 is regulated by its own phosphorylation at serine 548. The phosphorylation of SARM1 was mediated by c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) under oxidative stress conditions, resulting in inhibition of mitochondrial respiration concomitant with enhanced activity of NAD cleavage. Nonphosphorylatable mutation of Ser-548 or treatment with a JNK inhibitor decreased SARM1 activity. Furthermore, neuronal cells derived from a familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) patient showed a congenitally increased level of SARM1 phosphorylation compared with that in neuronal cells from a healthy person and were highly sensitive to oxidative stress. These results indicate that JNK-mediated phosphorylation of SARM1 at Ser-548 is a regulator of SARM1 leading to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration. These findings suggest that an abnormal regulation of SARM1 phosphorylation is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease and possibly other neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18933-18943
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume293
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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Phosphorylation
NAD
Respiration
Phosphotransferases
Neurodegenerative diseases
Oxidative stress
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Parkinson Disease
Oxidative Stress
Interleukin Receptors
Amino Acid Motifs
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Cell death
Serine
Cell Death
Mutation
Molecules
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-mediated phosphorylation of SARM1 regulates NAD cleavage activity to inhibit mitochondrial respiration",
abstract = "Mitochondrial dysfunction is a key pathological feature of many different types of neurodegenerative disease. Sterile alpha and Toll/interleukin receptor motif-containing protein 1 (SARM1) has been attracting much attention as an important molecule for inducing axonal degeneration and neuronal cell death by causing loss of NAD (NADH). However, it has remained unclear what exactly regulates the SARM1 activity. Here, we report that NAD cleavage activity of SARM1 is regulated by its own phosphorylation at serine 548. The phosphorylation of SARM1 was mediated by c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) under oxidative stress conditions, resulting in inhibition of mitochondrial respiration concomitant with enhanced activity of NAD cleavage. Nonphosphorylatable mutation of Ser-548 or treatment with a JNK inhibitor decreased SARM1 activity. Furthermore, neuronal cells derived from a familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) patient showed a congenitally increased level of SARM1 phosphorylation compared with that in neuronal cells from a healthy person and were highly sensitive to oxidative stress. These results indicate that JNK-mediated phosphorylation of SARM1 at Ser-548 is a regulator of SARM1 leading to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration. These findings suggest that an abnormal regulation of SARM1 phosphorylation is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease and possibly other neurodegenerative diseases.",
author = "Hitoshi Murata and Khine, {Cho Cho} and Akane Nishikawa and Ken-ichi Yamamoto and Rie Kinoshita and Masakiyo Sakaguchi",
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T1 - C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-mediated phosphorylation of SARM1 regulates NAD cleavage activity to inhibit mitochondrial respiration

AU - Murata, Hitoshi

AU - Khine, Cho Cho

AU - Nishikawa, Akane

AU - Yamamoto, Ken-ichi

AU - Kinoshita, Rie

AU - Sakaguchi, Masakiyo

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Mitochondrial dysfunction is a key pathological feature of many different types of neurodegenerative disease. Sterile alpha and Toll/interleukin receptor motif-containing protein 1 (SARM1) has been attracting much attention as an important molecule for inducing axonal degeneration and neuronal cell death by causing loss of NAD (NADH). However, it has remained unclear what exactly regulates the SARM1 activity. Here, we report that NAD cleavage activity of SARM1 is regulated by its own phosphorylation at serine 548. The phosphorylation of SARM1 was mediated by c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) under oxidative stress conditions, resulting in inhibition of mitochondrial respiration concomitant with enhanced activity of NAD cleavage. Nonphosphorylatable mutation of Ser-548 or treatment with a JNK inhibitor decreased SARM1 activity. Furthermore, neuronal cells derived from a familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) patient showed a congenitally increased level of SARM1 phosphorylation compared with that in neuronal cells from a healthy person and were highly sensitive to oxidative stress. These results indicate that JNK-mediated phosphorylation of SARM1 at Ser-548 is a regulator of SARM1 leading to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration. These findings suggest that an abnormal regulation of SARM1 phosphorylation is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease and possibly other neurodegenerative diseases.

AB - Mitochondrial dysfunction is a key pathological feature of many different types of neurodegenerative disease. Sterile alpha and Toll/interleukin receptor motif-containing protein 1 (SARM1) has been attracting much attention as an important molecule for inducing axonal degeneration and neuronal cell death by causing loss of NAD (NADH). However, it has remained unclear what exactly regulates the SARM1 activity. Here, we report that NAD cleavage activity of SARM1 is regulated by its own phosphorylation at serine 548. The phosphorylation of SARM1 was mediated by c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) under oxidative stress conditions, resulting in inhibition of mitochondrial respiration concomitant with enhanced activity of NAD cleavage. Nonphosphorylatable mutation of Ser-548 or treatment with a JNK inhibitor decreased SARM1 activity. Furthermore, neuronal cells derived from a familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) patient showed a congenitally increased level of SARM1 phosphorylation compared with that in neuronal cells from a healthy person and were highly sensitive to oxidative stress. These results indicate that JNK-mediated phosphorylation of SARM1 at Ser-548 is a regulator of SARM1 leading to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration. These findings suggest that an abnormal regulation of SARM1 phosphorylation is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease and possibly other neurodegenerative diseases.

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