C-banding analysis on wild Emmer (Triticum dicoccoides Korn) strains with and without spontaneous reciprocal translocations

S. Taketa, T. Kawahara

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

C-banding polymorphism was analyzed in eight strains of wild Emmer, Triticum dicoccoides Korn, which included six translocation homozygotes reported previously. Polymorphisms were detected in all of the strains examined, and the breakpoints of five spontaneous translocations were successfully identified by C-bands. Of the eight breakpoints that could be precisely identified, one was located in the centromeric region while the remaining seven were located in proximal to distal euchromatic regions. The two breakpoints of one translocation could only be approximately localized to proximal regions due to the scarcity of C-bands. The present results are in contrast with those observed on T. araraticum, another wild tetraploid wheat belonging to the Timopheevi group, in which most of the breakpoints were located in centromeric regions. In T. dicoccoides, the six translocation chromosome types were derived from the standard karyotype primarily by a mechanism other than centric breakage-fusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-178
Number of pages6
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1996

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Keywords

  • C-banding
  • Reciprocal translocation
  • Translocation breakpoint
  • Triticum dicoccoides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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