Building a system which automatically externalizes teachers’ instructional design intentions and an evaluation of its effectiveness

Toshinobu Kasai, Kazuo Nagano, Riichiro Mizoguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to facilitate learners' knowledge refinement process, it is effective to let them externalize their knowledge. However, in a domain of the instructional design in which existence of knowledge and its necessity are not sufficiently articulated or recognized, it is not easy for teachers who are also learners of how to externalize their knowledge. In this study, we have built a system called ``FIMA-Light'' which uncovers knowledge that teachers must have applied in their lesson plans from global to local viewpoints instead of them. FIMA-Light makes use of the OMNIBUS ontology which describes various instructional knowledge for attaining educational goals extracted from instructional/ learning theories. And, FIMA-Light automatically generates what we call I_L event decomposition trees by interpreting a given lesson plan based on the OMNIBUS ontology. Then, FIMA-Light facilitates teachers' deep reflection and helps them to refine their lesson plans by providing them with decomposition trees. We report some results of an experiment carried out for evaluation of the quality and the effectiveness of I_L event decomposition trees.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-584
Number of pages15
JournalTransactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Keywords

  • Externalizing knowledge
  • Instructional design
  • Ontology
  • Reflection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Software

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