Broadband strong-motion observation in Kikai Island for aftershocks of the 1995 Amamioshima-Kinkai earthquake

Yushiro Fujii, Takashi Okumura, Hiroshi Takenaka, Sadaomi Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two mainshocks of the Amamioshima-Kinkai earthquakes occurred at the southeast from Kikai Island on October 18 (M6.7) and 19 (M6.6), 1995. Those were observed by the two seismometers (STS-2 and VSE11C/12C) which had been installed at temporal station CVC (Chojabaru visitor center) near Kuju volcano, about 560 km north from the epicenters. In order to observe near-field seismic waves of aftershocks we installed the broadband strong-motion seismometer (VSE11C/12C) at temporal station TKG (Takigawa elementary school) in Kikai Island, the nearest land to the aftershock region. We observed 40 events including the largest aftershock of M5.7 on November 1 during observation period from October 21, 1995 to February 18, 1996. The purpose of this paper is to describe the observational conditions, and to report the result of preliminary analysis of the observed seismograms. We transformed the seismograms from the two horizontal components of N30°W and N60°E to the radial and transverse components. We analyzed the Fourier amplitude spectra of SH waves by using FFT. We found that the SH wave of the largest aftershock has the two predominant frequencies of 0.5-0.7 Hz and 1.8-2.5 Hz. Further, we integrated the velocity seismograms to get the displacement waveforms. Using the amplitude ratio of the vertical and radial components for the first pulses, we also evaluated the P-wave incident angles to the observation point. They show that the rays of P waves came up nearly perpendicularly to the surface of the observation point.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-189
Number of pages17
JournalScience Reports of the Kyushu University, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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seismograms
strong motion
aftershock
SH waves
earthquakes
seismogram
seismographs
broadband
P waves
earthquake
SH-wave
Space Transportation System 2 flight
seismograph
stations
P-wave
fast Fourier transformations
seismic waves
volcanoes
near fields
rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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Broadband strong-motion observation in Kikai Island for aftershocks of the 1995 Amamioshima-Kinkai earthquake. / Fujii, Yushiro; Okumura, Takashi; Takenaka, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Sadaomi.

In: Science Reports of the Kyushu University, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1996, p. 173-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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