The low-lying spectrum of the three-dimensional Ising model is investigated numerically; we made use of an equivalence between the excitation gap and the reciprocal correlation length. In the broken-symmetry phase, the magnetic excitations are attractive, forming a bound state with an excitation gap m2 (<2 m1) (m1: elementary excitation gap). It is expected that the ratio m2 / m1 is a universal constant in the vicinity of the critical point. In order to estimate m2 / m1, we perform a numerical diagonalization for finite clusters with N≤15 spins. In order to reduce the finite-size errors, we incorporated the extended (next-nearest-neighbor and four-spin) interactions. As a result, we estimate the mass-gap ratio as m2 / m1 =1.84 (3).
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - May 13 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics