Both fertilization promoting peptide and adenosine stimulate capacitation but inhibit spontaneous acrosome loss in ejaculated boar spermatozoa in vitro

Hiroaki Funahashi, Atsushi Asano, Toshimitsu Fujiwara, Takashi Nagai, Koji Niwa, Lynn R. Fraser

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42 Citations (Scopus)


Both fertilization promoting peptide (FPP) and adenosine stimulate capacitation and inhibit spontaneous acrosome loss in epididymal mouse spermatozoa; these responses involve modulation of the adenylyl cyclase (AC)/cAMP signal transduction pathway. However, it was unclear whether these responses were restricted to the mouse or possibly common to many mammalian species. To address this question, the response of boar spermatozoa to FPP and/or adenosine was evaluated. FPP is found in nanomolar concentrations in seminal plasma of several mammals, but not the pig. When cultured in caffeine-containing Medium 199 for 2 hr, chlortetracycline fluorescence evaluation indicated that neither FPP nor adenosine stimulated boar sperm capacitation per se but did inhibit spontaneous acrosome loss. However, in caffeine-free medium, FPP and adenosine both stimulated capacitation and inhibited spontaneous acrosome loss, suggesting that boar spermatozoa have receptors for both FPP and adenosine. GIn-FPP, a competitive inhibitor of FPP in mouse spermatozoa, has recently been shown to inhibit mouse sperm responses to adenosine as well, suggesting that FPP receptors and adenosine receptors interact in some way. Used with boar spermatozoa, Gln-FPP also significantly inhibited responses to both FPP and adenosine. These responses suggest that mechanisms whereby FPP and adenosine can regulate sperm function, via AC/cAMP, are of considerable physiological significance. Mouse, human, and now boar spermatozoa have been shown to respond to FPP, suggesting that these mechanisms may be common to many mammalian species. We also suggest that the effects of FPP and adenosine could also be exploited to maximize monospermic fertilization in porcine in vitro fertilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000



  • Adenosine
  • Adenosine receptors
  • Adenylyl cyclase
  • Caffeine
  • CAMP
  • FPP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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