Borexino calibrations: Hardware, methods, and results

H. Back, G. Bellini, J. Benziger, D. Bick, G. Bonfini, D. Bravo, M. Buizza Avanzini, B. Caccianiga, L. Cadonati, F. Calaprice, C. Carraro, P. Cavalcante, A. Chavarria, A. Chepurnov, D. D. Angelo, S. Davini, A. Derbin, A. Etenko, F. Von Feilitzsch, G. FernandesK. Fomenko, D. Franco, C. Galbiati, S. Gazzana, C. Ghiano, M. Giammarchi, M. Goeger-Neff, A. Goretti, L. Grandi, E. Guardincerri, S. Hardy, Aldo Ianni, Andrea Ianni, A. Kayunov, S. Kidner, V. Kobychev, D. Korablev, G. Korga, Yusuke Koshio, D. Kryn, M. Laubenstein, T. Lewke, E. Litvinovich, B. Loer, F. Lombardi, P. Lombardi, L. Ludhova, I. MacHulin, S. Manecki, W. Maneschg, G. Manuzio, Q. Meindl, E. Meroni, L. Miramonti, M. Misiaszek, D. Montanari, P. Mosteiro, V. Muratova, L. Oberauer, M. Obolensky, F. Ortica, K. Otis, M. Pallavicini, L. Papp, L. Perasso, S. Perasso, A. Pocar, R. S. Raghavan, G. Ranucci, A. Razeto, A. Re, A. Romani, N. Rossi, D. Rountree, A. Sabelnikov, R. Saldanha, C. Salvo, S. Schönert, H. Simgen, M. Skorokhvatov, O. Smirnov, A. Sotnikov, S. Sukhotin, Y. Suvorov, R. Tartaglia, G. Testera, D. Vignaud, R. B. Vogelaar, J. Winter, M. Wojcik, A. Wright, M. Wurm, J. Xu, O. Zaimidoroga, S. Zavatarelli, G. Zuzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Borexino was the first experiment to detect solar neutrinos in real-time in the sub-MeV region. In order to achieve high precision in the determination of neutrino rates, the detector design includes an internal and an external calibration system. This paper describes both calibration systems and the calibration campaigns that were carried out in the period between 2008 and 2011. We discuss some of the results and show that the calibration procedures preserved the radiopurity of the scintillator. The calibrations provided a detailed understanding of the detector response and led to a significant reduction of the systematic uncertainties in the Borexino measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP10018
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

hardware
Calibration
Hardware
detectors
solar neutrinos
scintillation counters
neutrinos
Neutrinos
Detector
Detectors
Scintillator
Phosphors
Internal
Real-time
Uncertainty
Experiment
Experiments

Keywords

  • Calorimeters
  • Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Back, H., Bellini, G., Benziger, J., Bick, D., Bonfini, G., Bravo, D., ... Zuzel, G. (2012). Borexino calibrations: Hardware, methods, and results. Journal of Instrumentation, 7(10), [P10018]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/10/P10018

Borexino calibrations : Hardware, methods, and results. / Back, H.; Bellini, G.; Benziger, J.; Bick, D.; Bonfini, G.; Bravo, D.; Buizza Avanzini, M.; Caccianiga, B.; Cadonati, L.; Calaprice, F.; Carraro, C.; Cavalcante, P.; Chavarria, A.; Chepurnov, A.; Angelo, D. D.; Davini, S.; Derbin, A.; Etenko, A.; Von Feilitzsch, F.; Fernandes, G.; Fomenko, K.; Franco, D.; Galbiati, C.; Gazzana, S.; Ghiano, C.; Giammarchi, M.; Goeger-Neff, M.; Goretti, A.; Grandi, L.; Guardincerri, E.; Hardy, S.; Ianni, Aldo; Ianni, Andrea; Kayunov, A.; Kidner, S.; Kobychev, V.; Korablev, D.; Korga, G.; Koshio, Yusuke; Kryn, D.; Laubenstein, M.; Lewke, T.; Litvinovich, E.; Loer, B.; Lombardi, F.; Lombardi, P.; Ludhova, L.; MacHulin, I.; Manecki, S.; Maneschg, W.; Manuzio, G.; Meindl, Q.; Meroni, E.; Miramonti, L.; Misiaszek, M.; Montanari, D.; Mosteiro, P.; Muratova, V.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Ortica, F.; Otis, K.; Pallavicini, M.; Papp, L.; Perasso, L.; Perasso, S.; Pocar, A.; Raghavan, R. S.; Ranucci, G.; Razeto, A.; Re, A.; Romani, A.; Rossi, N.; Rountree, D.; Sabelnikov, A.; Saldanha, R.; Salvo, C.; Schönert, S.; Simgen, H.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Smirnov, O.; Sotnikov, A.; Sukhotin, S.; Suvorov, Y.; Tartaglia, R.; Testera, G.; Vignaud, D.; Vogelaar, R. B.; Winter, J.; Wojcik, M.; Wright, A.; Wurm, M.; Xu, J.; Zaimidoroga, O.; Zavatarelli, S.; Zuzel, G.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 7, No. 10, P10018, 10.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Back, H, Bellini, G, Benziger, J, Bick, D, Bonfini, G, Bravo, D, Buizza Avanzini, M, Caccianiga, B, Cadonati, L, Calaprice, F, Carraro, C, Cavalcante, P, Chavarria, A, Chepurnov, A, Angelo, DD, Davini, S, Derbin, A, Etenko, A, Von Feilitzsch, F, Fernandes, G, Fomenko, K, Franco, D, Galbiati, C, Gazzana, S, Ghiano, C, Giammarchi, M, Goeger-Neff, M, Goretti, A, Grandi, L, Guardincerri, E, Hardy, S, Ianni, A, Ianni, A, Kayunov, A, Kidner, S, Kobychev, V, Korablev, D, Korga, G, Koshio, Y, Kryn, D, Laubenstein, M, Lewke, T, Litvinovich, E, Loer, B, Lombardi, F, Lombardi, P, Ludhova, L, MacHulin, I, Manecki, S, Maneschg, W, Manuzio, G, Meindl, Q, Meroni, E, Miramonti, L, Misiaszek, M, Montanari, D, Mosteiro, P, Muratova, V, Oberauer, L, Obolensky, M, Ortica, F, Otis, K, Pallavicini, M, Papp, L, Perasso, L, Perasso, S, Pocar, A, Raghavan, RS, Ranucci, G, Razeto, A, Re, A, Romani, A, Rossi, N, Rountree, D, Sabelnikov, A, Saldanha, R, Salvo, C, Schönert, S, Simgen, H, Skorokhvatov, M, Smirnov, O, Sotnikov, A, Sukhotin, S, Suvorov, Y, Tartaglia, R, Testera, G, Vignaud, D, Vogelaar, RB, Winter, J, Wojcik, M, Wright, A, Wurm, M, Xu, J, Zaimidoroga, O, Zavatarelli, S & Zuzel, G 2012, 'Borexino calibrations: Hardware, methods, and results', Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 7, no. 10, P10018. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/10/P10018
Back H, Bellini G, Benziger J, Bick D, Bonfini G, Bravo D et al. Borexino calibrations: Hardware, methods, and results. Journal of Instrumentation. 2012 Oct;7(10). P10018. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/10/P10018
Back, H. ; Bellini, G. ; Benziger, J. ; Bick, D. ; Bonfini, G. ; Bravo, D. ; Buizza Avanzini, M. ; Caccianiga, B. ; Cadonati, L. ; Calaprice, F. ; Carraro, C. ; Cavalcante, P. ; Chavarria, A. ; Chepurnov, A. ; Angelo, D. D. ; Davini, S. ; Derbin, A. ; Etenko, A. ; Von Feilitzsch, F. ; Fernandes, G. ; Fomenko, K. ; Franco, D. ; Galbiati, C. ; Gazzana, S. ; Ghiano, C. ; Giammarchi, M. ; Goeger-Neff, M. ; Goretti, A. ; Grandi, L. ; Guardincerri, E. ; Hardy, S. ; Ianni, Aldo ; Ianni, Andrea ; Kayunov, A. ; Kidner, S. ; Kobychev, V. ; Korablev, D. ; Korga, G. ; Koshio, Yusuke ; Kryn, D. ; Laubenstein, M. ; Lewke, T. ; Litvinovich, E. ; Loer, B. ; Lombardi, F. ; Lombardi, P. ; Ludhova, L. ; MacHulin, I. ; Manecki, S. ; Maneschg, W. ; Manuzio, G. ; Meindl, Q. ; Meroni, E. ; Miramonti, L. ; Misiaszek, M. ; Montanari, D. ; Mosteiro, P. ; Muratova, V. ; Oberauer, L. ; Obolensky, M. ; Ortica, F. ; Otis, K. ; Pallavicini, M. ; Papp, L. ; Perasso, L. ; Perasso, S. ; Pocar, A. ; Raghavan, R. S. ; Ranucci, G. ; Razeto, A. ; Re, A. ; Romani, A. ; Rossi, N. ; Rountree, D. ; Sabelnikov, A. ; Saldanha, R. ; Salvo, C. ; Schönert, S. ; Simgen, H. ; Skorokhvatov, M. ; Smirnov, O. ; Sotnikov, A. ; Sukhotin, S. ; Suvorov, Y. ; Tartaglia, R. ; Testera, G. ; Vignaud, D. ; Vogelaar, R. B. ; Winter, J. ; Wojcik, M. ; Wright, A. ; Wurm, M. ; Xu, J. ; Zaimidoroga, O. ; Zavatarelli, S. ; Zuzel, G. / Borexino calibrations : Hardware, methods, and results. In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 10.
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Borexino calibrations

T2 - Hardware, methods, and results

AU - Back, H.

AU - Bellini, G.

AU - Benziger, J.

AU - Bick, D.

AU - Bonfini, G.

AU - Bravo, D.

AU - Buizza Avanzini, M.

AU - Caccianiga, B.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Calaprice, F.

AU - Carraro, C.

AU - Cavalcante, P.

AU - Chavarria, A.

AU - Chepurnov, A.

AU - Angelo, D. D.

AU - Davini, S.

AU - Derbin, A.

AU - Etenko, A.

AU - Von Feilitzsch, F.

AU - Fernandes, G.

AU - Fomenko, K.

AU - Franco, D.

AU - Galbiati, C.

AU - Gazzana, S.

AU - Ghiano, C.

AU - Giammarchi, M.

AU - Goeger-Neff, M.

AU - Goretti, A.

AU - Grandi, L.

AU - Guardincerri, E.

AU - Hardy, S.

AU - Ianni, Aldo

AU - Ianni, Andrea

AU - Kayunov, A.

AU - Kidner, S.

AU - Kobychev, V.

AU - Korablev, D.

AU - Korga, G.

AU - Koshio, Yusuke

AU - Kryn, D.

AU - Laubenstein, M.

AU - Lewke, T.

AU - Litvinovich, E.

AU - Loer, B.

AU - Lombardi, F.

AU - Lombardi, P.

AU - Ludhova, L.

AU - MacHulin, I.

AU - Manecki, S.

AU - Maneschg, W.

AU - Manuzio, G.

AU - Meindl, Q.

AU - Meroni, E.

AU - Miramonti, L.

AU - Misiaszek, M.

AU - Montanari, D.

AU - Mosteiro, P.

AU - Muratova, V.

AU - Oberauer, L.

AU - Obolensky, M.

AU - Ortica, F.

AU - Otis, K.

AU - Pallavicini, M.

AU - Papp, L.

AU - Perasso, L.

AU - Perasso, S.

AU - Pocar, A.

AU - Raghavan, R. S.

AU - Ranucci, G.

AU - Razeto, A.

AU - Re, A.

AU - Romani, A.

AU - Rossi, N.

AU - Rountree, D.

AU - Sabelnikov, A.

AU - Saldanha, R.

AU - Salvo, C.

AU - Schönert, S.

AU - Simgen, H.

AU - Skorokhvatov, M.

AU - Smirnov, O.

AU - Sotnikov, A.

AU - Sukhotin, S.

AU - Suvorov, Y.

AU - Tartaglia, R.

AU - Testera, G.

AU - Vignaud, D.

AU - Vogelaar, R. B.

AU - Winter, J.

AU - Wojcik, M.

AU - Wright, A.

AU - Wurm, M.

AU - Xu, J.

AU - Zaimidoroga, O.

AU - Zavatarelli, S.

AU - Zuzel, G.

PY - 2012/10

Y1 - 2012/10

N2 - Borexino was the first experiment to detect solar neutrinos in real-time in the sub-MeV region. In order to achieve high precision in the determination of neutrino rates, the detector design includes an internal and an external calibration system. This paper describes both calibration systems and the calibration campaigns that were carried out in the period between 2008 and 2011. We discuss some of the results and show that the calibration procedures preserved the radiopurity of the scintillator. The calibrations provided a detailed understanding of the detector response and led to a significant reduction of the systematic uncertainties in the Borexino measurements.

AB - Borexino was the first experiment to detect solar neutrinos in real-time in the sub-MeV region. In order to achieve high precision in the determination of neutrino rates, the detector design includes an internal and an external calibration system. This paper describes both calibration systems and the calibration campaigns that were carried out in the period between 2008 and 2011. We discuss some of the results and show that the calibration procedures preserved the radiopurity of the scintillator. The calibrations provided a detailed understanding of the detector response and led to a significant reduction of the systematic uncertainties in the Borexino measurements.

KW - Calorimeters

KW - Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics

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U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/7/10/P10018

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/7/10/P10018

M3 - Article

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VL - 7

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

IS - 10

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