Bone marrow transplantation from a human leukocyte antigen-mismatched unrelated donor in a case with C1q deficiency associated with refractory systemic lupus erythematosus

Risa Matsumura, Shinji Mochizuki, Natsuki Maruyama, Yusuke Morishita, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Satoshi Okada, Miyuki Tsumura, Shunsaku Kaji, Junya Shimizu, Akira Shimada, Masao Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Human C1q deficiency is frequently associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which requires long-term systemic corticosteroid administration. We report the case of a 12-year-old female patient with C1q deficiency presenting with intractable SLE who successfully underwent bone marrow transplantation from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched unrelated donor with an immunosuppressive conditioning regimen based on fludarabine, melphalan, and anti-thymocyte globulin. She developed Grade I graft-versus-host disease, but did not have any transplantation-related morbidity. Complete donor chimerism has been maintained for 2 years after transplantation, leading to the restoration of C1q levels and the resolution of SLE symptoms. Normal C1q mRNA expression was observed in CD14 + cells. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from an HLA-mismatched donor is a feasible treatment for patients with C1q deficiency with refractory SLE that is dependent on systemic corticosteroid treatment who do not have an HLA-matched donor.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of hematology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • C1q deficiency
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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