Bipartite regulation of cellular communication network factor 2 and fibroblast growth factor 1 genes by fibroblast growth factor 1 through histone deacetylase 1 and fork head box protein A1

Abdellatif Elseoudi, Takashi Nishida, Tomomi Mizukawa, Takako Hattori, Kazumi Kawata, Eman A. Taha, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) is the first FGF family member, and it induces proliferation of fibroblasts and other types of the cells. However, recent studies are uncovering unexpected functions of this molecule. Our previous study redefined this growth factor as a catabolic molecule produced in cartilage upon metabolic insult. Indeed, FGF-1 was found to repress the gene expression of cellular communication network factor 2 (CCN2), which protects and regenerates cartilage, amplifying its own production through positive feedback regulation. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of this bipartite CCN2 repression and FGF1 activation by FGF-1 in chondrocytes. Repression of CCN2 and induction of FGF1 in human chondrocytic cells were both partly abolished by valproic acid, an inhibitor of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), indicating the involvement of chromatin remodeling by histone acetylation in this system. In contrast, RNA degradation analysis suggested no contribution of post-transcriptional regulation of the mRNA stability to the effects conferred by FGF-1. Suspecting a regulation by a specific transcription factor, we next sought a candidate in silico from a large dataset. As a result, we found fork head box protein A1 (FOXA1) as the transcription factor that bound to both CCN2 and FGF1 loci. Functional analysis demonstrated that FOXA1 silencing significantly attenuated the CCN2 repression and FGF1 induction caused by FGF1. These findings collectively indicate that the bipartite regulation by FGF-1 is enabled by the combination of chromatin remodeling by HDACs and transcriptional modulation by FOXA1 with unknown transcriptional coactivators of opposite functionalities.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cell Communication and Signaling
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cartilage
  • CCN2
  • Chondrocytes
  • FGF-1
  • Osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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