Biomimetics focuses on making nature as a model of inspiration that would immensely help conscious abstraction of new principles and ideas, foster innovative design collections, find out new techniques and functionalities, seek new paradigms and methods, develop new materials, and design new streams of intelligent machines, robots, systems, devices, algorithms, etc. Biomimetics incorporates materials, concepts and techniques drawn from naturally made substances, and resembles biological systems in structure, mechanism and/or function as necessary. Smart materials are the foundation supporting the development of new biomimetic based technology. Wide range of biologically inspired robots and intelligent systems has been developed. However, engineering such biomimetic intelligent creatures were hampered by physical and technological constraints, and it is still a challenge. Making robots and intelligent machines that are actuated by biologically inspired artificial muscles would create new reality with great potentials. This paper provides the concept and the importance of Biomimetic as an interdisciplinary field. In addition, the paper introduces and discusses scientific ideas and directions of research activities in the field. The paper presents key development in the field of Biomimetic robots, and finally it underlines the potential of the field and the challenges facing it.