Biomechanical loading comparison between titanium and unsintered hydroxyapatite/poly-L-lactide plate system for fixation of mandibular subcondylar fractures

Shintaro Sukegawa, Takahiro Kanno, Norio Yamamoto, Keisuke Nakano, Kiyofumi Takabatake, Hotaka Kawai, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Yoshihiko Furuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteosynthesis absorbable materials made of uncalcined and unsintered hydroxyapatite (u-HA) particles, poly-l-lactide (PLLA), and u-HA/PLLA are bioresorbable, and these plate systems have feasible bioactive osteoconductive capacities. However, their strength and stability for fixation in mandibular subcondylar fractures remain unclear. This in vitro study aimed to assess the biomechanical strength ofu-HA/PLLAbioresorbable plate systems after internal fixation of mandibular subcondylar fractures. Tensile and shear strength were measured for each u-HA/PLLA and titanium plate system. To evaluate biomechanical behavior, 20 hemimandible replicas were divided into 10 groups, each comprising a titanium plate and a bioresorbable plate. A linear load was applied anteroposteriorly and lateromedially to each group to simulate the muscular forces in mandibular condylar fractures. All samples were analyzed for each displacement load and the displacement obtained by the maximum load. Tensile and shear strength of the u-HA/PLLA plate were each approximately 45% of those of the titanium plates. Mechanical resistance was worst in the u-HA/PLLA plate initially loaded anteroposteriorly. Titanium plates showed the best mechanical resistance during lateromedial loading. Notably, both plates showed similar resistance when a lateromedially load was applied. In the biomechanical evaluation of mandibular condylar fracture treatment, the u-HA/PLLA plates had sufficiently high resistance in the two-plate fixation method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1557
JournalMaterials
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Bioactive resorbable plate
  • Biomechanical loading evaluation
  • Fracture fixation
  • Mandibular condylar fracture
  • Unsintered hydroxyapatite/poly-l-lactide composite plate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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