Biomechanical loading comparison between titanium and bioactive resorbable screw systems for fixation of intracapsular condylar head fractures

Shintaro Sukegawa, Norio Yamamoto, Keisuke Nakano, Kiyofumi Takabatake, Hotaka Kawai, Takahiro Kanno, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Yoshihiko Furuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Osteosynthesis resorbable materials made of uncalcined and unsintered hydroxyapatite (u-HA) particles, poly-L-lactide (PLLA), are bioresorbable, and these materials have feasible bioactive/osteoconductive capacities. However, their strength and stability for fixation in mandibular condylar head fractures remain unclear. This in vitro study aimed to assess the biomechanical strength of u-HA/PLLA screws after the internal fixation of condylar head fractures. To evaluate their biomechanical behavior, 32 hemimandible replicas were divided into eight groups, each consisting of single-screw and double-screw fixations with titanium or u-HA/PLLA screws. A linear load was applied as vertical and horizontal load to each group to simulate the muscular forces in condylar head fractures. Samples were examined for 0.5, 1, 2, and 3-mm displacement loads. Two screws were needed for stable fixation of the mandibular condylar head fracture during biomechanical evaluation. After screw fixation for condylar head fractures, the titanium screws model was slightly more resistant to vertical and horizontal movement with a load for a small displacement than the u-HA/PLLA screws model. There was no statistically significant difference with load for large displacements. The u-HA/PLLA screw has a low mechanical resistance under small displacement loading compared with titanium within the limits of the mandibular head fracture model study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3153
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Bioactive resorbable screw
  • Biomechanical loading evaluation
  • Fracture fixation
  • Intracapsular condylar head fracture
  • Titanium screw

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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