Biomechanical and morphometric evaluation of occipital condyle for occipitocervical segmental fixation

Jae Taek Hong, Tomoyuki Takigawa, Keizo Sugisaki, Alejandro A.Espinoza Oráias, Nozomu Inoue, Howard S. An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two recent novel techniques of occipital fixation are the occipitoatlantal (C0-C1) transarticular screw technique and the direct occipital condyle screw technique. The present study evaluated and compared the biomechanical stability of the direct occipital condyle screw and C0-C1 transarticular screw with the established method for craniocervical spine fixation using the midline occipital keel screw and C1 lateral mass screw. Morphometric evaluation of the occipital condyle and the hypoglossal canal was performed to avoid hypoglossal nerve injury during the screw placement. Thirteen recently frozen cadaveric specimens were used. The occipital condyle anatomy and the hypoglossal canal dimension were measured using reconstructed computed tomography images. Insertion torque and pullout strength were evaluated to compare the midline occipital keel screw, C0-C1 transarticular screw, C1 lateral mass screw, and direct occipital condyle screw. The dimensions of the occipital condyle allow use of a 3.5 or 4.0-mm diameter screw. Mean pullout strength was 1619.6 N for the midline occipital keel screw, 870.7 N for the C0-C1 transarticular screw, 707.0 N for the C1 lateral mass screw, and 431.7 N for the direct occipital condyle screw. Mean insertion torque was 0.55 Nm for the midline occipital keel screw, 0.32 Nm for the C0-C1 transarticular screw, 0.14 Nm for the C1 lateral mass screw, and 0.11 Nm for the direct occipital condyle screw. The condylar anatomy allows direct insertion of the occipital condyle screw and C0-C1 transarticular screw. These techniques are suitable options for the treatment of craniovertebral junction instabilities in selected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-706
Number of pages6
Journalneurologia medico-chirurgica
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Biomechanics
  • Craniovertebral junction
  • Occipital condyle screw
  • Transarticular screw

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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