Biomechanical analysis of the mechanism of elbow fracture-dislocations by compression force

Hirofumi Wake, Hiroyuki Hashizume, Keiichiro Nishida, Hajime Inoue, Noriyuki Nagayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fracture-dislocations of the coronoid and olecranon were produced experimentally, and their onset mechanisms were analyzed to clarify the effects of compression force on the coronoid and olecranon. The study used two-dimensional finite element method (2D-FEM) simulations and static loading experiments. The latter applied axial force distally to 40 cadaveric elbows. Posterior fracture-dislocations occurred between 15° of extension and 30° of flexion, anterior or posterior fracture-dislocations at 60°, and only anterior fracture-dislocations at 90°. Injuries were mainly to anterior or posterior support structures. The 2D-FEM simulations showed that the stress concentration areas moved from the coronoid process to the olecranon as position changed from extension to flexion. The very high frequency of concurrent fracture-dislocations of radial head or neck in the current study indicated that the radial head may also function as a stabilizer in the anterior support system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Science
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Elbow
  • Fracture
  • Fracture-dislocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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