Biochemical and phylogenetic analysis of CEBiP-like LysM domain-containing extracellular proteins in higher plants

Judith Fliegmann, Sandra Uhlenbroich, Tomonori Shinya, Yves Martinez, Benoit Lefebvre, Naoto Shibuya, Jean Jacques Bono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chitin elicitor-binding protein (CEBiP) from rice was the first plant lysin motif (LysM) protein for which the biological and biochemical function had been established. It belongs to a plant-specific family of extracellular LysM proteins (LYMs) for which we analyzed the phylogeny. LYMs are present in vascular plants only, where an early gene duplication event might have resulted in two types which were retained in present day genomes. LYMs consist of a signal peptide, three consecutive LysMs, separated by cysteine pairs, and a C-terminal region without any known signature, whose length allows the distinction between the two types, and which may be followed by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor motif. We analyzed a representative of each type, MtLYM1 and MtLYM2, from Medicago truncatula at the biochemical level and with respect to their expression patterns and observed some similarities but also marked differences. MtLYM1 and MtLYM2 proved to be very different with regard to abundance and apparent molecular mass on SDS-PAGE. Both undergo several post-translational modifications, including N-glycosylation and the addition of a GPI anchor, which would position the proteins at the outer face of the plasma membrane. Only MtLYM2, but not MtLYM1, showed specific binding to biotinylated N-acetylchitooctaose in a manner similar to CEBiP, which belongs to the same type. We postulate that LYM2-type proteins likely function in the perception of chitin-related molecules, whereas possible functions of LYM1-type proteins remain to be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-720
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CEBiP
  • Chitooligosaccharide
  • GPI
  • LYM
  • LysM
  • Medicago truncatula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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