Bile acids aggravate nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cardiovascular disease in SHRSP5/Dmcr rat model

Shusei Yamamoto, Ikumi Sato, Natsuki Fukuhama, Natsumi Akiyama, Miku Sakai, Shota Kumazaki, Shang Ran, Satoshi Hirohata, Kazuya Kitamori, Yukio Yamori, Shogo Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, regardless of the risk factors in metabolic syndrome. However, the intermediary factors between NASH and cardiovascular disease are still unknown. A previous study revealed that serum and hepatic bile acid (BA) levels are increased in some NASH patients. We aimed to examine whether NASH and cardiovascular disease were aggravated by BA using an animal model. Method and results: From 10 to 18 weeks of age, SHRSP5/Dmcr rats divided into 3 groups were fed 3 types of high-fat and high-cholesterol (HFC) diets which were changed in the cholic acid (CA) concentration (0%, 2%, or 4%). The nitro oxide synthase inhibition (L-NAME) was administered intraperitoneally from 16 to 18 weeks of age. The 4% CA groups showed the worst LV dysfunction and myocardial fibrosis, and demonstrated severe hepatic fibrosis and lipid depositions. In addition, a large amount of lipid accumulation was observed in the aortas of the 4% CA group, and NFκB and VCAM-1 gene expression levels were increased. These findings were not seen in the 0% CA group. Conclusion: In the SHRSP5/Dmcr rat model, NASH and cardiovascular disease were aggravated with increasing BAs concentrations in an HFC diet.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104437
JournalExperimental and Molecular Pathology
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Accumulation of lipid
  • Bile acids
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
  • SHRSP5/Dmcr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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