This is the first report of benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME) with night blindness. Our cases of BAFME (mother, son, and daughter) demonstrated night blindness with a reduced b-wave response on electroretinography (ERG) suggesting an alteration in calcium-mediated neurotransmitter release from photoreceptors in response to light. Several familial epilepsies have been shown to be due to a channelopathy. On the other hand, the mutation of a calcium-channel gene in Xp11.23 was recently reported in incomplete X-linked congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB). Although the gene locus of BAFME was recently assigned to 8q23.3-q24.1, the causative gene has yet to be identified. The present familial case suggests that BAFME may also be a disease of the calcium channel that is present in the retina and the central nervous system (CNS).
- Benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy
- Night blindness
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology