BDNF-secreting capsule exerts neuroprotective effects on epilepsy model of rats

Satoshi Kuramoto, Takao Yasuhara, Takashi Agari, Akihiko Kondo, Meng Jing, Yoichiro Kikuchi, Aiko Shinko, Takaaki Wakamori, Masahiro Kameda, Feifei Wang, Kyohei Kin, Satoru Edahiro, Yasuyuki Miyoshi, Isao Date

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a well neurotrophic factor with neuroprotective potentials for various diseases in the central nervous system. However several previous studies demonstrated that BDNF might deteriorate symptoms for epilepsy model of animals by progression of abnormal neurogenesis. We hypothesized that continuous administration of BDNF at low dose might be more effective for epilepsy model of animals because high dose of BDNF was used in many studies. BDNF-secreting cells were genetically made and encapsulated for transplantation. Rats receiving BDNF capsule showed significant amelioration of seizure stage and reduction of the number of abnormal spikes at 7 days after kainic acid administration, compared to those of control group. The number of BrdU and BrdU/doublecortin positive cells in the hippocampus of BDNF group significantly increased, compared to that of control group. NeuN positive cells in the CA1 and CA3 of BDNF group were significantly preserved, compared to control group. In conclusion, low dose administration using encapsulated BDNF-secreting cells exerted neuroprotective effects with enhanced neurogenesis on epilepsy model of rats. These results might suggest the importance of the dose and administrative way of this neurotrophic factor to the epilepsy model of animals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-289
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Research
Volume1368
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 12 2011

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Keywords

  • Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
  • Epilepsy
  • Ex vivo gene therapy
  • Kainic acid
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neuroprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Kuramoto, S., Yasuhara, T., Agari, T., Kondo, A., Jing, M., Kikuchi, Y., Shinko, A., Wakamori, T., Kameda, M., Wang, F., Kin, K., Edahiro, S., Miyoshi, Y., & Date, I. (2011). BDNF-secreting capsule exerts neuroprotective effects on epilepsy model of rats. Brain Research, 1368, 281-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2010.10.054