Basic pH-induced modification of excitation-energy dynamics in fucoxanthin chlorophyll a/c-binding proteins isolated from a pinguiophyte, Glossomastix chrysoplasta

Ryo Nagao, Makio Yokono, Yoshifumi Ueno, Ka Ho Kato, Naoki Tsuboshita, Jian Ren Shen, Seiji Akimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Photosynthetic organisms have diversified light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) to collect solar energy efficiently, leading to an acquisition of their ecological niches. Herein we report on biochemical and spectroscopic characterizations of fucoxanthin chlorophyll a/c-binding protein (FCP) complexes isolated from a marine pinguiophyte Glossomastix chrysoplasta. The pinguiophyte FCP showed one subunit band in SDS-PAGE and one protein-complex band with a molecular weight at around 66 kDa in clear-native PAGE. By HPLC analysis, the FCP possesses chlorophylls a and c, fucoxanthin, and violaxanthin. To clarify excitation-energy-relaxation processes in the FCP, we measured time-resolved fluorescence spectra at 77 K of the FCP adapted to pH 5.0, 6.5, and 8.0. Fluorescence curves measured at pH 5.0 and 8.0 showed shorter lifetime components compared with those at pH 6.5. The rapid decay components at pH 5.0 and 8.0 are unveiled by fluorescence decay-associated (FDA) spectra; fluorescence decays occur in the 270 and 160-ps FDA spectra only at pH 5.0 and 8.0, respectively. In addition, energy-transfer pathways with time constants of tens of picoseconds are altered under the basic pH condition but not the acidic pH condition. These findings provide novel insights into pH-dependent energy-transfer and energy-quenching machinery in not only FCP family but also photosynthetic LHCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number148306
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1862
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2021

Keywords

  • FCP
  • Glossomastix chrysoplasta
  • pH
  • Pinguiophyte
  • Time-resolved fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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