To understand orthodontic tooth movement and determine optimal orthodontic force from a biological viewpoint, nitric oxide production in cultured human periodontal ligament fibroblasts was measured at varying levels of hydraulic pressure. The fibroblasts in a culture flask were exposed to the controlled change in hydraulic pressure, and intracellular nitric oxide levels were measured in real time by a nitric oxide-binding fluorescent dye, diaminofluorescein-2. The fibroblasts produced a significantly larger amount of nitric oxide at the pressure of 75 and 100 mmHg, compared with the pressure of 0, 25, and 50 mmHg (P <.0001, one-way ANOVA, and P <.05, Tukey-Kramer test). Immunohistochemically, the cultured fibroblasts expressed brain nitric oxide synthase. The pressure level to enhance nitric oxide production was comparable to the magnitude of clinically used orthodontic force (80 g/cm(2)). Nitric oxide might be a key regulator in orthodontic tooth movement.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2000|
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