Band broadening of DNA fragments isolated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in capillary electrophoresis

Takashi Kaneta, Takehito Ogura, Shuhei Yamato, Totaro Imasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) is used frequently for isolation and purification of DNA fragments. In the present study, DNA fragments extracted from polyacrylamide gels showed significant band broadening in capillary electrophoresis (CE). A pHY300PLK (a shuttle vector functioning in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis) marker, which contained nine fragments ranging from 80 to 4870 bp, was separated by PAGE, and each fragment was isolated by phenol/chloroform extraction and ethanol precipitation. After extraction from the polyacrylamide gel, the peaks of the isolated DNA fragments exhibited band broadening in CE, where a linear poly(ethylene oxide) was used as a sieving matrix. The theoretical plate numbers of the DNA fragments contained in the pHY300PLK marker were >10 6 for all the fragments before extraction. However, the DNA fragments extracted from the polyacrylamide gel showed decreased theoretical plate numbers (5-20 times smaller). The degradation of the theoretical plate number was significant for middle sizes of the DNA fragments ranging from 489 to 1360 bp, whereas the largest and smallest fragments (80 and 4870 bp) had no obvious influence. The band broadening was attributed to contamination of the DNA fragments by polyacrylamide fibers during the separation and extraction process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-435
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Separation Science
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2012

Keywords

  • Band broadening
  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • DNA
  • Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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