Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for extraction of common bile duct (CBD) stones in patients with Roux-en-Y gastrectomy (RYG) remains technically challenging. Methods: Seventy-nine RYG patients (median 79 years old) underwent short-type double-balloon enteroscopy-assisted ERCP (sDBE-ERCP) for CBD stones at three referral hospitals from 2011–2020. We retrospectively investigated the treatment outcomes and potential factors affecting complete stone extraction. Results: The initial success rates of reaching the papilla of Vater, biliary cannulation, and biliary intervention, including complete stone extraction or biliary stent placement, were 92%, 81%, and 78%, respectively. Of 57 patients with attempted stone extraction, complete stone extraction was successful in 74% for the first session and ultimately in 88%. The adverse events rate was 5%. The multivariate analysis indicated that the largest CBD diameter ≥14 mm (odds ratio (OR), 0.04; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.01–0.58; p = 0.018) and retroflex position (OR, 6.43; 95% CI, 1.12–36.81; p = 0.037) were independent predictive factors affecting complete stone extraction achievement. Conclusions: Therapeutic sDBE-ERCP for CBD stones in a relatively elderly RYG cohort, was effective and safe. A larger CBD diameter negatively affected complete stone extraction, but using the retroflex position may be useful for achieving complete stone clearance.
- Bile duct stone
- Complete stone removal
- Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography
- Roux-en-Y anastomosis
- Short-type balloon enteroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas