Balanced ambipolar charge transport in phenacene/perylene heterojunction-based organic field-effect transistors

Tomoya Taguchi, Fabio Chiarella, Mario Barra, Federico Chianese, Yoshihiro Kubozono, Antonio Cassinese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electronic devices relying on the combination of different conjugated organic materials are considerably appealing for their potential use in many applications such as photovoltaics, light emission, and digital/analog circuitry. In this study, the electrical response of field-effect transistors achieved through the evaporation of picene and PDIF-CN2 molecules, two well-known organic semiconductors with remarkable charge transport properties, was investigated. With the main goal to get a balanced ambipolar response, various device configurations bearing double-layer, triple-layer, and codeposited active channels were analyzed. The most suitable choices for the layer deposition processes, the related characteristic parameters, and the electrode position were identified to this purpose. In this way, ambipolar organic field-effect transistors exhibiting balanced mobility values exceeding 0.1 cm2 V−1 s−1 for both electrons and holes were obtained. These experimental results highlight also how the combination between picene and PDIF-CN2 layers allows tuning the threshold voltages of the p-type response. Scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKPM) images acquired on picene/PDIF-CN2 heterojunctions suggest the presence of an interface dipole between the two organic layers. This feature is related to the partial accumulation of space charge at the interface being enhanced when the electrons are depleted in the underlayer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8631-8642
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 24 2021

Keywords

  • Ambipolar response
  • Charge transfer
  • Field-effect transistors
  • Film growth mode
  • Heterojunction
  • Organic semiconductors
  • Scanning Kelvin probe microscopy
  • Vacuum deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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