Bacterial and fungal microbiota associated with the ensiling of wet soybean curd residue under prompt and delayed sealing conditions

Ajmal Wali, Naoki Nishino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wet soybean curd residue (SCR) obtained from two tofu factories (F1 and F2) was anaerobically stored with or without added beet pulp (BP). Sealing was performed on the day of tofu production (prompt sealing (PS)) or 2 days after SCR was piled and unprocessed (delayed sealing (DS)). Predominant lactic acid fermentation was observed regardless of the sealing time and BP addition. Acinetobacter spp. were the most abundant (>67%) bacteria in pre-ensiled SCR, regardless of the factory and sealing time. In PS silage, the abundances of typical lactic acid-producing bacteria, such as Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, and Streptococcus spp. reached >50%. In DS silage, Acinetobacter spp. were the most abundant in F1 products, whereas Bacillus spp. were the most abundant in long-stored F2 products. The fungal microbiota were highly diverse. Although Candida, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Hannaella, and Wallemia spp. were found to be the most abundant fungal microbiota, no specific genera were associated with factory, sealing time, or fermentation products. These results indicated that owing to preceding processing, including heating, distinctive microbiota may have participated in the ensiling of wet by-products. Lactic acid fermentation was observed even in DS silage, and an association of Bacillus spp. was suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1334
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Amplicon sequencing
  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Silage
  • Soybean curd residue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology

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