Aurora-A kinase phosphorylation of Aurora-A kinase interacting protein (AIP) and stabilization of the enzyme-substrate complex

Hiroshi Katayama, Kaori Sasai, Bogdan A. Czerniak, Jennifer L. Carter, Subrata Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aurora-A is an oncogenic kinase that plays essential roles in mitosis as well as cell survival. Aurora-A interacting protein (AIP) was identified as a negative regulator of Aurora-A with its ectopic over expression inducing destabilisation of Aurora-A protein. Here we present evidence that in human cells, contrary to the earlier report, AIP functions in stabilizing rather than destabilizing Aurora-A. Furthermore, AIP is phosphorylated on Serine 70 by Aurora-A but not Aurora-B and expression of phosphorylation mimic mutant of AIP results in prolonged protein stability compared to unphosphorylatable mutant. We observed that when co-expressed with AIP, protein levels of both Aurora-A and Aurora-B are markedly elevated regardless of their kinase activities and phosphorylation state of AIP. Interaction of Aurora kinases with AIP is necessary for this elevated stability. This phenomenon is commonly detected in several human cancer cell lines used in this study. Depletion of AIP by RNA interference decreased Aurora-A but not Aurora-B in two of the three cell lines analyzed, indicating that under physiological condition, AIP functions in stabilization of Aurora-A but not Aurora-B, though this regulation may be dependent on additional factors as well. Further, AIP siRNA induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M, which is consistent with anticipated loss of function of Aurora-A in these cells. Thus, our study provides the first evidence of a role for AIP in G2/M cell cycle progression by cooperatively regulating protein stabilization of its upstream regulator, Aurora-A kinase through protein-protein interaction as well as protein phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1318-1331
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume102
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aurora Kinase A
Phosphorylation
Protein Kinases
Stabilization
Phosphotransferases
Substrates
Enzymes
Proteins
Cells
G2 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Cell Line
Protein Stability
RNA Interference
Mitosis
Serine
Small Interfering RNA
Aurora Kinases
Cell Survival
Cell Cycle

Keywords

  • AIP
  • Aurora-A kinase
  • Cancer
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Aurora-A kinase phosphorylation of Aurora-A kinase interacting protein (AIP) and stabilization of the enzyme-substrate complex. / Katayama, Hiroshi; Sasai, Kaori; Czerniak, Bogdan A.; Carter, Jennifer L.; Sen, Subrata.

In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Vol. 102, No. 5, 01.12.2007, p. 1318-1331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Aurora-A is an oncogenic kinase that plays essential roles in mitosis as well as cell survival. Aurora-A interacting protein (AIP) was identified as a negative regulator of Aurora-A with its ectopic over expression inducing destabilisation of Aurora-A protein. Here we present evidence that in human cells, contrary to the earlier report, AIP functions in stabilizing rather than destabilizing Aurora-A. Furthermore, AIP is phosphorylated on Serine 70 by Aurora-A but not Aurora-B and expression of phosphorylation mimic mutant of AIP results in prolonged protein stability compared to unphosphorylatable mutant. We observed that when co-expressed with AIP, protein levels of both Aurora-A and Aurora-B are markedly elevated regardless of their kinase activities and phosphorylation state of AIP. Interaction of Aurora kinases with AIP is necessary for this elevated stability. This phenomenon is commonly detected in several human cancer cell lines used in this study. Depletion of AIP by RNA interference decreased Aurora-A but not Aurora-B in two of the three cell lines analyzed, indicating that under physiological condition, AIP functions in stabilization of Aurora-A but not Aurora-B, though this regulation may be dependent on additional factors as well. Further, AIP siRNA induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M, which is consistent with anticipated loss of function of Aurora-A in these cells. Thus, our study provides the first evidence of a role for AIP in G2/M cell cycle progression by cooperatively regulating protein stabilization of its upstream regulator, Aurora-A kinase through protein-protein interaction as well as protein phosphorylation.

AB - Aurora-A is an oncogenic kinase that plays essential roles in mitosis as well as cell survival. Aurora-A interacting protein (AIP) was identified as a negative regulator of Aurora-A with its ectopic over expression inducing destabilisation of Aurora-A protein. Here we present evidence that in human cells, contrary to the earlier report, AIP functions in stabilizing rather than destabilizing Aurora-A. Furthermore, AIP is phosphorylated on Serine 70 by Aurora-A but not Aurora-B and expression of phosphorylation mimic mutant of AIP results in prolonged protein stability compared to unphosphorylatable mutant. We observed that when co-expressed with AIP, protein levels of both Aurora-A and Aurora-B are markedly elevated regardless of their kinase activities and phosphorylation state of AIP. Interaction of Aurora kinases with AIP is necessary for this elevated stability. This phenomenon is commonly detected in several human cancer cell lines used in this study. Depletion of AIP by RNA interference decreased Aurora-A but not Aurora-B in two of the three cell lines analyzed, indicating that under physiological condition, AIP functions in stabilization of Aurora-A but not Aurora-B, though this regulation may be dependent on additional factors as well. Further, AIP siRNA induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M, which is consistent with anticipated loss of function of Aurora-A in these cells. Thus, our study provides the first evidence of a role for AIP in G2/M cell cycle progression by cooperatively regulating protein stabilization of its upstream regulator, Aurora-A kinase through protein-protein interaction as well as protein phosphorylation.

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