Augmented stability of hydrogen clathrate hydrates by weakly polar molecules

Takato Nakayama, Kenichiro Koga, Hideki Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermodynamic stability of hydrogen clathrate hydrates has been examined in a wide range of pressure based solely on the intermolecular interactions involved. We show that the stability is indeed augmented by a second guest species (here acetone) called a promoter, a consequence of which is notable reduction in the dissociation pressure of the hydrates encaging hydrogen alone. This evaluation is made by extension of the van der Waals-Platteeuw theory combined with semi-grand-canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations where the number of hydrogen molecules is allowed to vary while those of host water and promoter acetone molecules are fixed. The GCMC simulations then provide various types of cage occupancies of hydrogen from single to quadruple, from which the chemical potential of water in the clathrate hydrate is obtained as a function of the cage occupancy by acetone and the pressure. These occupancies are used to calculate the chemical potential of water in the clathrate hydrate. The stability is estimated by comparison of the chemical potential of water in the clathrate hydrate with that in hexagonal ice. We show the extent to which the dissociation pressure is reduced with increasing the occupancy of the larger cages by acetone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number214506
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume131
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 21 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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