Atorvastatin and pitavastatin improve cognitive function and reduce senile plaque and phosphorylated tau in aged APP mice

Tomoko Kurata, Kazunori Miyazaki, Miki Kozuki, Violeta Lukic Panin, Nobutoshi Morimoto, Yasuyuki Ohta, Makiko Nagai, Yoshio Ikeda, Tohru Matsuura, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In addition to simply reducing the serum level of cholesterol, 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) have various pleiotrophic effects such as reducing oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, and neurotoxicity. However, such a pleiotrophic effect has not been fully studied in a new statin (pitavastatin). We examined and compared the effects of two strong statins (atorvastatin, 30 mg/kg/day, p.o.; pitavastatin, 3 mg/kg/day, p.o.) on the serum level of lipids, cognitive dysfunction, senile plaque (SP) and phosphorylated tau-positive dystrophic neuritis (pτDN) in amyloid precursor protein (APP) transgenic (Tg) mice from 5 months (M) of age to 20 M. These two statins improved behavioral memory and reduced the numbers of SP and pτDN at 15 and 20 M without affecting serum lipid levels, but preserved mice brain weight in pitavastatin group at 20 M. These protective effects of statins took 10 M from the beginning of treatment to show an improvement in the present model mice, and sensitivity to the statin treatment was linked to behavioral memory, SP and pτDN in this order. These findings suggest that early treatment with both atorvastatin and pitavastatin prevented subsequent worsening of cognitive function and the amyloidogenic process, probably due to pleiotrophic effects, suggesting a therapeutic potential for Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research
Volume1371
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 31 2011

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Atorvastatin
  • Pitavastatin
  • Transgenic mouse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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