Atmospheric emission of mercury in Malaysia

Masaki Takaoka, Habuer, Naoko Yoshimoto, Takashi Fujimori, Kazuyuki Oshita, Nobumitsu Sakai, ßSharifah Aishah Syed Abd Kdir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Mercury is emitted to the atmosphere from both anthropogenic and natural sources. Mercury subsequently enters the oceans, lakes, and rivers, directly as atmospheric deposition or from diffuse or concentrated sources in surrounding watersheds. Some inorganic mercury in water is converted into organic mercury, which is very toxic and subject to biological accumulation. To prevent mercury contamination, we have to control atmospheric emissions of mercury internationally. First, for the appropriate management of mercury, it is necessary to clarify the emission sources and amounts. In this study, we developed a mercury emission inventory for Malaysia by conducting a literature review, consulting with the Malaysian Ministry of the Environment, and measuring actual mercury levels in emissions from various sources. The inventory was compared to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) global mercury emission inventory and the atmospheric emissions of mercury in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Risk Analysis for Asian-Oriented, Risk-Based Watershed Management
Subtitle of host publicationJapan and Malaysia
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9789811080906
ISBN (Print)9789811080890
Publication statusPublished - May 7 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Emission
  • Inventory
  • Mercury
  • Reduction
  • Source

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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