ATM mediates prb function to control dnmt1 protein stability and dna methylation

Awad Shamma, Misa Suzuki, Naoyuki Hayashi, Masahiko Kobayashi, Nobunari Sasaki, Takumi Nishiuchi, Yuichiro Doki, Takahiro Okamoto, Susumu Kohno, Hayato Muranaka, Shunsuke Kitajima, Ken ichi Yamamoto, Chiaki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene (RB) product has been implicated in epigenetic control of gene expression owing to its ability to physically bind to many chromatin modifiers. However, the biological and clinical significance of this activity was not well elucidated. To address this, we performed genetic and epigenetic analyses in an Rb-deficient mouse thyroid C cell tumor model. Here we report that the genetic interaction of Rb and ATM regulates DNMT1 protein stability and hence controls the DNA methylation status in the promoters of at least the Ink4a, Shc2, FoxO6, and Noggin genes. Furthermore, we demonstrate that inactivation of pRB promotes Tip60 (acetyltransferase)-dependent ATM activation; allows activated ATM to physically bind to DNMT1, forming a complex with Tip60 and UHRF1 (E3 ligase); and consequently accelerates DNMT1 ubiquitination driven by Tip60-dependent acetylation. Our results indicate that inactivation of the pRB pathway in coordination with aberration in the DNA damage response deregulates DNMT1 stability, leading to an abnormal DNA methylation pattern and malignant progression

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3113-3124
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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