Background: Central airway obstruction (CAO) may be caused by various etiologies. However, conventional chest X-rays are rarely diagnostic for patients with CAO. Case presentation: We here described a 64-year-old asymptomatic female with tracheal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma discovered on spirometric findings during a complete physical examination. The plateau of forced expiratory flow was consistent with CAO. A decreased peak expiratory flow rate was noted at least 3 years before the diagnosis, and was attributed to an insufficient effort by the patient. Impulse oscillometric measurements, which were taken during quiet breathing and were effort-independent, suggested elevated respiratory resistance. These abnormalities completely disappeared after radiation therapy. Conclusion: The addition of impulse oscillometry to spirometry may be useful for screening CAO in routine health examinations.
- Central airway obstruction
- Flow-volume curve
- Impulse oscillometry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)